GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA 200 IMPORTANT MCQS PART 4 FOR NTA UGC NET
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Q.66. The upliftment of the Himalayas was first initiated during the period of
(A) Middle Pliocene
(B) Middle Oligocene
(C) Middle Eocene
(D) Middle Miocene
Q.67. The longest dam of India Hirakud is situated on the river of
Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 kilometers from Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India. Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km long. It is one of the first major multipurpose river valley projects started after India’s independence.
Q.68. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the given below
|A. Hirakud||1. Sutluj|
|B. Bhakra-Nangal||2. Mahanadi|
|C. Nagarjuna Sagar||3. Krishna|
|D. Sardar Sarovar||4. Narmada|
Hirakund Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India.
Bhakra-Nangal Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in India. The dam forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is a masonry dam across the Krishna river at Nagarjuna Sagar which straddles the border between Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh and Nalgonda district, Telangana.
Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada river near Navagam, Gujarat in India.
Q.69. In India, mangrove is the most important tree of
(A) Tropical moist deciduous forest
(B) Tidal Forests
(C) Tropical dry deciduous forest
(D) Sub-Tropical moist deciduous
Mangrove forests are also called as tidal forests. These are usually formed as a result of tides. These forests contain vegetation that can withstand high salinity. Hence, tidal forests are also called as mangrove forests.
Mangrove forests comprise of small shrubs or trees that grown in coastal saline or brackish waters. These shrubs or trees can withstand high salinity conditions. One of the example is Sundari tree after which name Sundarban was given to this forests.
Mangrove forests of Sundarban are largest mangrove forests of the world. Sundarbans are located in Ganga-Brahmaputra delta of west Bengal and Bangladesh.
Q.70. Find out the correct sequence of the following passes from West to East
(A) Lipu Lekh – Nathu La – Shipki La – Zoji La
(B) Zojila – Shipki La – Nathu La Lipu Lekh
(C) Zojila – Shipki La – Lipu Lekh – Nathu La
(D) Shipki La – Zoji La – Nathu La – Lipu Lekh
Zojila Pass – between Srinagar on one side and Kargil and Leh on the other side
Shipki La Pass – Himachal Pradesh and Tibet
Lipu Lekh Pass – trijunction of Uttarakhand (India), Tibet (China) and Nepal borders
Nathu La Pass – Sikkim with Tibet
Q.71. Which of the following is the correct sequence in terms of east flowing rivers from North to South?
(A) Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, Pennar, Kaveri
(B) Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Kaveri
(C) Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Pennar
(D) Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, Pennar, Kaveri
The correct sequence of the eastward flowing rivers of the peninsular India from north to south is Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai.
Q.72. The three Iron and Steel Plants at Kulti, Burnpur and Hirapur have been merged together as
(A) Tata Iron and Steel Company
(B) Indian Iron and Steel Company
(C) Bengal Iron Works
(D) Mysore Iron works
Q.73. The Hindustan Aluminium Corporation Limited (HINDALCO) was set up at Renukoot which is located in the state of
(B) Uttar Pradesh
Q.74. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the given below
|A. Uranium||1. Kudremukh|
|B. Iron Ore||2. Balaghat|
|C. Manganese||3. Kodarma|
|D. Mica||4. Jaduguda|
Uranium – Jaduguda (Jharkhand)
Iron Ore – Kudremukh (Karnataka)
Manganese – Balaghat (Madhya Pradesh)
Mica – Kodarma (Jharkhand)
Q.75. The broadest part of the Himalaya
(A) Himachal Pradesh
(B) Arunachal Pradesh
(C) Jammu and Kashmir
The Himalayas stretch for a distance of 2400 KMs from the Indian Gorge in the west to the Brahmaputra Gorge in the east. The width of the Himalayas is 500 KMs in Kashmir and 200 KMs in Arunachal Pradesh.
The Himalayas are divided into the Trans Himalayas, The Greats Himalayas or Himadri, The Lesser Himalayas or Himachal and the Shiwaliks and the Purvanchal Hills.
Q.76. Which of the following places in India ranks second among the coldest inhabited places in the world
- Dras in Jammu and Kashmir ranks second among the coldest places in the world.
- It is the coldest place in India.
- The average temperature here dips down to -23 ºC during the winter.
- Dras is popularly known as ‘the gateway to Ladakh’.
- The village is located right on the crucial Srinagar-Leh Highway and is near the Line of Control between India and Pakistan, which denotes the actual militaristic border between the countries.
- Winter temperatures in Oymyakon, Russia, first coldest inhabited place in the world.
Q.77. The state covering Bundelkhand Plateau are
(A) Chattisgarh and Jharkhand
(B) Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
(C) Chattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh
(D) Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
Q.78. Which city is also known as Talanagari?
Q.79. The main river flowing in the states of Jammu and Kashmir is
The main river flowing in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is Jhelum. The Jhelum River is the only major Himalayan river which flows through the Kashmir valley. The Indus, Tawi, Ravi and Chenab are the other major rivers flowing through the state.
Q.80. Which one of the following river is flow Kashmir Valley?
The Jhelum River is the only major Himalayan river which flows through the Kashmir valley. The Indus, Tawi, Ravi and Chenab are the major rivers flowing through the state.