Geomorphology 200 Important MCQS Part 6 FOR NTA UGC NET
Geomorphology 200 Important MCQS NTA UGC NET, Geomorphology 200 MCQS PART 6, NTA UGC NET PYQS GEOGRAPHY, GEOMORPHOLOGY 200 MCQS PART 6, GEOGRAPHY PYQS UGC NET, NTA UGC NET GEOGRAPHY PAPER WISE PYQS, PYQS FOR UGC NET GEOGRAPHY,
(PDF) For download pdf file of GEOMORPHOLOGY 200MCQS – – go to the bottom of this post.
Q.126. The desert having mobile sands are called
An erg is a broad, flat area of desert covered with wind-swept sand with little or no vegetative cover.
The largest hot desert in the world, the Sahara, covers 9 million square kilometres (3.5×106 sq mi) and contains several ergs, such as the Chech Erg and the Issaouane Erg in Algeria.
Approximately 85% of all the Earth’s mobile sand is found in ergs that are greater than 32,000 km2 (12,355 sq mi).
Ergs are also found on other celestial bodies, such as Venus, Mars, and Saturn’s moon Titan.
Q.127. The Mushroom rocks is also known as “Gara” in the region of –
(A) Sahara Desert
(B) Kalahari Desert
(C) Atcama Desert
(D) Arabian Desert
A mushroom rock, also called gour or gara in some places, is a typical mushroom-shaped landform mostly found in desert or semi-desert regions.
Mushroom rocks also known as pedestal rocks or pilzfelsen, named given by J walther (German geologist).
Gara is called in Sahara & Pilzfelsen in Germany.
Q.128. A stony and rocky desert is called
This consists of extensive areas of bare rocks from which all fine materials have been removed by deflation while abrasion polishes and smooths the rock surfaces.
Q.129. The inselbergs landforms are also called is
An inselberg or monadnock is an isolated rock hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain. … If the inselberg is dome-shaped and formed from granite or gneiss, it can also be called a bornhardt, though not all bornhardts are inselbergs
Q.130. The term pediment was first time used by
(A) G.K. Gilbert
(B) A.C. Lawson
(C) M.C. Gee
(D) W. Penck
The term pediment was used for the first time by G.K. Gilbert in 1882.
Q.131. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below
(Shape and Alignment of Dunes)
(Specific Names of Dunes)
|A. Longitudinal||1. Reversing|
|B. Transverse||2. Coastal|
|C. Parabolic||3. Seif|
|D. Complex||4. Barchan|
Q.132. Bad-land topography is the product
(A) Wind and Glacier
(B) Water and Temperature
(C) Water and Glacier
(D) Wind and Water
Badlands – Badlands are a type of dry terrain where softer sedimentary rocks and clay-rich soils have been extensively eroded by wind and water. They are characterized by steep slopes, minimal vegetation, lack of a substantial regolith, and high drainage density.
Q.133. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the given below
|A. Recession Theory||1. McGee|
|B. Sheet-Flood Theory||2. G.K. Gilbert|
|C. Lateral Erosion Theory||3. W. Penck|
|D. Parallel Retreat||4. A.C. Lawson|
Q.134. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below
(Wind Depositional Landforms)
|A. Barchan||1. Longitudinal|
|B. Star-Dune||2. Linear|
|C. Sief||3. Crescent|
|D. Draas||4. Pinwheel Shaped|
Q.135. The layer of loose and unconsolidated materials lying over the bedrock is called
(A) Natural Levees
(D) Vadose Zone
Regolith is a blanket of unconsolidated, loose, heterogeneous superficial deposits covering solid rock. It includes dust, broken rocks, and other related materials
Q.136. What is Aquifers?
(A) A layer below the ground surface where petroleum and Natural gas found.
(B) A layer below the ground surface where metallic minerals are found.
(C) Storage pools of ground water laying below the ground surface.
(D) A layer below the ground surface where geothermal energy released.
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt). Groundwater can be extracted using a water well.
Q.137. Vadose Zone remain in between:
(A) Crust and Mantle
(B) Mantle and Core
(C) Ground Surface and Tropopause
(D) Ground Surface and Water Table
The vadose zone, also termed the unsaturated zone, is the part of Earth between the land surface and the top of the phreatic zone, the position at which the groundwater is at atmospheric pressure. Hence, the vadose zone extends from the top of the ground surface to the water table.
Q.138. Karst Topography is formed due to
(A) Physical Weathering of Erosion
(B) Chemical Erosion
(C) Biological Erosion
(D) Normal Cycle of Erosion
Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum. It is characterized by underground drainage systems with sinkholes and caves.
Q.139. The most important region of Karst topography is found in
Q.140. Terra Rosa means
(A) Black Residual Soil
(B) Green Residual Soil
(C) Blue Residual Soil
(D) Red Residual Soil
Terra rossa ( Italian for “red soil”) is a well-drained, reddish, clayey to silty clayey soil with neutral pH conditions and is typical of the Mediterranean region.
The reddish color of terra rossa is the result of the preferential formation of hematite over goethite.
Q.141. The most extensive larger than the dolines, the depression is called
(D) Swallow Hole
Q.142. Which of the following features are formed when the roof of a limestone cavern collapse
(C) Swallow Hole
Q.143. The Columns of dripstones hanging from the ceiling of limestone caves are called
Q.144. The verticals columns of dripstones growing upward from the floor limestone cave are known as
Q.145. When the stalactite and stalacmites meet together are formed
(A) Cave Pillar
(C) Cave Shield
(D) Drip Curtain
Q.146. A lake formed in the channel of an abandoned meander is known as
(A) Crater Lake
(C) Ox-Bow Lake
(D) Tectonic Lake
Q.147. The Artesian well is mostly found in
Q.148. Which is the most powerful and effective erosive agent of coastal areas
(A) Sea Waves
(B) Ocean Current
(C) Tidal Waves
Q.149. A sandbar connecting an island to main land is called
(A) Sea Cliff
(B) Sea Cave
Q.150. A very steep rock coast rising almost vertically above sea water is called
(B) Sea Cliff