Principle of Uniformitarianism
- Uniformitarianism resulted in the outright rejection of the concept of ‘catastrophism.’
- James Hutton postulated ‘Principle of Uniformitarianism’ in 1785.
- Hutton belongs from Scotland (Great Britian).
- “Theory of the Earth” in this book J.Hutton discussed the concept of Uniformitarianism.
- Name of the Hutton friends and their book
Name: John Playfair,
Book:“Huttonian Theory of the Earth,”
Year of Publication: 1802.
Name:Sir Charles Lyell,
Book: “Principle of Geology,”
Year of Publication: 1830
- “Present is key to the past” James Hutton
- According to Huton: Geological processes were active with the same intensity during each period of geological time.
- Hutton believed in ‘Orderliness of Nature’
- Hutton was the first geologist to observe “Cyclic nature of Earth’s History”
- Nature has inbuilt self regulatory mechanism known as “Homeostatis Mechanism”.
- No vestige of a Beginning; no prospect of an end.
Previous Years Questions from Concept of Uniformitarianism
- The premise that the present – day processes have been operating throughout geological time is the principle of:
- Match List-I with List – II and select the correct answer from the code given below:
- A) Hall and Dana
- B) Hutton
- C) Harry Hess
- D) Jeffrey
(i) Sea floor Spreading
(ii) Thermal Contraction Theory
(iii) Theory of Geosyncline
(iv) Doctrine of Uniformitarianism
(A) (B) (C) (D)
1) i ii iv iii
2) ii i iii iv
3) iv ii i iii
4) iii iv i ii
3. The statement “The present is the key to the past” was made by:
- Walter penck
- W. M Davis
- James Hutton