Geographical Thought Most Important Questions Part 4 for NTA UGC NET

Geographical Thought Most Important / Expected Questions Part 4 (41-50) for NTA UGC NET 2023 

(PDF) For download pdf file of GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT Important MCQS Part 3 (41-50) – – go to the bottom of this post.


Q.41. What do you mean by ‘Lebensraum’ concept given by Ratzel?

(A) Dead Space

(B) Small Region

(C) Administrative Unit

(D) Living Space

Answer: D

Friedrich Ratzel (1844-1904)

[1] Father of Political Geography

[2] Founder of Human Geography

[3] Coined the term Anthropogeography

[4] His principal work on ethnography was Volkerkunde, 3 vol.

[5] 3 Important Book- a. Anthropogeography-two volumes (1872 and 1899), b. History of Mankind (1896) & c. Politische Geography (1897)

[6] Environmental Determinism & Psuedo-Possibilistic Approach use in Anthropogeography Vol-I & Vol-II

[7] Ratzel gave concept of Lebensraum (living space)

[8] Social Darwinism concept also popularized.

[9] He used Deductive Approach

[10] Ratzel who tried to build a “Fundamental Unity in Diversity”


Q.42. Which of the following statements relating to Ratzel’s concept of Lebensraum, is correct?

(a) It is the geographical area within living organisms develop

(b) It is the economic and cultural activity of the people outside their enclosed settled area

(c) It deals with the relation between human society and a spatial organization and it’s physical setting.

(d) It is a geographical term which studies space from the view point of state.

Choose the correct option from below:

(1) (a), (b) and (c)

(2) (b) and (c)

(3) (b), (c) and (d)

(4) (a), and (c) only

Answer- 4


Q.43. ‘An Introduction to the Application of Geography to History’ and ‘The Geographical Distribution of Mankind’ is the works of

(A) Vidal de la Blache

(B) Carl Ritter

(C) Alfred Hettner

(D) Friedrich Ratzel

Answer: (D)


Q.44. Organic Theory of the state was propounded by

(A) Mackinder

(B) F. Ratzel

(C) Haushofer

(D) Semple

Answer: B



Q.45. In addition to his Anthropogeography, Ratzel made important contribution to

(A) Cultural Geography

(B) Regional Geography

(C) Physical Geography

(D) Political Geography

Answer: D



Q.46. Match the following and find the correct answer from the code:

List – I

(a) Probabilism

(b) Stop-and-go determinism

(c) Systematic Geography

(d) Regional Geography

List – II

(i) Von Humboldt

(ii) Carl Ritter

(iii) Griffith Taylor

(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)
(B) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(C) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

Answer: (A)


Q.47. Match List-I with List-I and select the correct answer from the given below

List-I (Book)

(A) Kosmos

(B) Erdkunde

(C) Origin of Species

(D) Nature of Geography

List-II (Author)

(1) Hartshorne

(2) Charles Darwin

(3) C. Ritter

(4) A.V. Humboldt


A. 1 2 3 4
B. 2 1 3 4
C. 4 3 1 2
D. 4 3 2 1


Answer: D



Erdkunde (1817) – C. Ritter

Kosmos (1845) – A.V. Humboldt

Origin of Species (1859) – Charles Darwin

Nature of Geography (1939) – R. Hartshorne

‘Perspectives on the Nature of Geography’ (1959) – R. Hartshorne


Q.48. Who amongst the following defined geography as a Chorological science (NTA UGC NET JUNE 2020)

(A) V. Richthofen

(B) A. Hettner

(C) C. Ptolemy

(D) Peter Haggett

Answer: B


Alfred Hettner (1859-1941)

[1] He is popularly known for his concept of Chorology

[2] His book ‘Europe’1907).

[3] According to him, geography is a chorological science

[4] Hettner claimed that geography is an idiographic (regional) rather than monothetic (systematic/general).

[5] Hettner was supporter of Regional Geography.


Q.49. The concept of Areal Differentiation is also termed as

(1) Exceptionalism

(2) Chorological Study

(3) Systematic Geography

(4) Regionalism

Answer: (2)


Q.50. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

(1) The concept of areal differentiation is related with ideographic approach.

(2) The concept of areal differentiation is related with nomothetic approach.

(3) The exponent of the concept of areal differentiation was Richard Hartshorne.

(4) The concept of areal differentiation is related with chorology.

Answer: (2)

PDF Name: Geographical Thought Important MCQS Part 4 (41-50)

Language: English

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No. of Pages: 19

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