DEC 2020 JUNE 2021 SHIFT 1 GEOGRAPHY SOLVED PAPER NTA UGC NET

DEC 2020 JUNE 2021 SHIFT 1 GEOGRAPHY SOLVED PAPER NTA UGC NET

So, This is the official Questions Paper  and Answer Key for the paper 2 geography conducted on JAN 2022, taken from 

Note: This paper contains 100 multiple choice questions, each questions carrying two (2) marks. Attempt all of them.

(PDF) For download pdf file of question paper go to the bottom of this post.

Q.1. Who among the following conceived the idea of shipping canal between India and Srilanka?

(1) F. Luna Leopold

(2) L. Farrell

(3) A.D. Taylor

(4) C. J. Barrow

Answer: 3

 

Q.2. Given below are two statements:

Statement I: Photographs are originally produced in analogue form.

Statement II: Image is produced in digital form.

In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) Both Statement I and Statement II are correct

(2) Both Statement I and Statement II are incorrect

(3) Statement I is correct but Statement II is incorrect

(4) Statement is incorrect but Statement II is correct

Answer: 1

 

Q.3. The present day spatial distribution of Buddhism is highly concentrated among following group of regions?

(1) China, Tibet, Korea, Siberia

(2) South East Asia Tibet. Mongolia, Japan

(3) Northern India. China, South East Asia

(4) Tibet, India, Middle East, Japan

Answer: 2

 

Q.4. Which one of the following refers to the mature stage of a thunderstorm?

(1) Electric tension between oppositely charged areas

(2) Sudden onset of rain

(3) Absolute instability

(4) Slackness of energy

Answer: 2

 

Q.5.Identify the processes of vorticity

(A) Acceleration

(B) Frictional influence

(C) Roughness

(D) Rotation

(E) Angular velocity

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (C) and (D) only

(3) (D) and (E) only

(4) (A) and (E) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.6 Arrange the following with respect to the interior of a thunderstorm cell

(A) Downdraft

(B) Rain

(C) Storm travel

(D) Anvil top

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

(1) (C), (D), (A), (B)

(2) (B), (C), (D), (A)

(3) (A), (B, (C), (D)

(4) (B. (C), (A), (D)

Answer: 4

 

Q.7. Which of the following statements are correct about the benefits of international trade?

(A) It has allowed an enormous variety of resources to enter into trade basket

(B) It facilitates the distribution of a wide range of manufactured goods, produced in different parts of the world to global market

(C) International trade decreases the overall costs of production

(D) It has helped the developing countries more than developed countries

(E) It has helped the consumers to buy more goods from whatever wages they their living standards improved

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B), (E) only

(2) (C), (D), (E) only

(3) (A), (B), (C) only

(4) (A), (C), (E) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.8. Which of the following is a renewable resource?

(1) Metal ores

(2) Natural gas

(3) Fuel Cells

(4) Fishes

Answer: 4

 

Q.9. Advocates of Humanistic geography among the following are:

(A) Harris

(B) Blache

(C) Guelke

(D) Ratzel

(E) Ley and Samuels

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (B), (C) and (D) only

(2) (A), (B) and (C) only

(3) (A), (C) and (E) only

(4) (C) and (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.10. Which one of the following group of states/U.T. in India recorded low sex ratio as per census 20211 data?

(1) Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana

(2) Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Odisha, West Bengal

(3) Manipur, Haryana, Goa, Uttar Pradesh

(4) Sikkim, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat

Answer: 4

 

Q.11. Which one of the following indicates a population pyramid with wide base narrowing as the age Cohorts progress?

(1) High fertility rates and low mortality rates

(2) Low fertility and low mortality rates

(3) High fertility and high mortality rates

(4) High fertility and high age specific fertility rates

Answer: 3

 

Q.12. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(A) Kosi – Consequent river

(B) Narmada – Rift Valley river

(C) Sutlej – Antecedent river

(D) Ghaggar – Endoreic river

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) only

(B) (B) only

(3) (C)only

(4) (D)only

Answer: 1

 

Q.13. Which one of the following term is used for the distance between trough to crest of a wave?

(1) Wave trough

(2) Wave velocity

(3) Wave height

(4) Wave period

Answer: 3

 

Q.14. Which one of the following industries generates highest amount of waste water in the Ganga in U.P.?

(1) Chemical

(2) Pulp and Paper

(3) Sagar

(4) distillery

Answer: 2

 

Q.15. Who among the following climatologists advocated Hekisto thermal concept in his climatic classification?

(A) Miller

(B) Koppen

(C) Candole

(D) Trewartha

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (C) only

(3) (C) and (D) only

(4) (A) and (D) only

Answer: 2

 

Q.16. Which of the following natural characteristics are associated with dry monsoon forests of India?

(A) Annual rainfall is below 30 m

(B) The trees have short routs

(C) Conditions remain favourable for plant growth throughout the year

(D) Thorny shrubs and grasslands are found between the trees

(E) Mango, Mahua, Sisam, Keekar etc, are the prominent trees

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (C) and (D) only

(3) (B) and (C) only

(4) (D) and (E) only

Answer: 4

 

Q.17. In which one of the following water bodies the salinity is lowest

(1) Great salt lake

(2) Dead sea

(3) Lake Van

(4) Gulf of Karabugas

Answer: 4

 

Q.18. Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Ascertain A and the other is labelled as Reason R.

Assertion (A): Prices and demand of real estate increases as distance towards CBD reduces

Reasons (R): Central Business District (CBD) of a city has high concentration of retail store offices and cultural and recreation activities

In the light of the above statements choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A)

(3) (A) is correct but (R) is not correct

(4) (A) is not correct but (R) is correct

Answer: 1

 

Q.19. Which one of the following rivers is not a tributary of Yamuna river?

(1) Giri river

(2) Tons river

(3) Bata river

(4) Tangri river

Answer: 4

 

Q.20. The phenomena of wind gap is associated with:

(1) Glacio-fluvial ercison

(2) Lateral erosion by river

(3) Head ward erosion by river

(4) Glacial planation

Answer: 3

 

Q.21. Given below are two statements:

Statement I: Highest source of marine pollution is shipping.

Statement II: The South-East Asia has highest percentage of endangered coral reefs by marine pollution.

In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below.

(1) Both Statement I and Statement II are true

(2) Both Statement I and Statement. II are false

(3) Statement is true but Statement II is false

(4) Statement I is false but Statement II is true

Answer: 4

 

Q.22. ‘Rally for valley’ program in India was organized to highlight the problem of-

(1) Environmental degradation

(2) Biodiversity

(3) Resettlement of displaced persons

(4) Loss of agricultural land

Answer: 3

 

Q.23. Which of the following waterfalls pertain to Narmada River?

(A) Mandhar

(B) Hiran

(C) Tawa

(D) Dardi

(E) Sahasradhara

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B) and (C) only

(2) (A), (D) and (E) only

(3) (B), (C) and (D) only

(4) (C), (D) and (E) only

Answer: 2

 

Q.24. Which of the following terms are not associated with sling psychrometer?

(A) Thermometer

(B) Swivel joint

(C) Screen

(D) Sieve

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (C) only

(C) and (D) only

(4) (B) and (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.25. Arrange the following layers of vegetation on the basis of their height in ascending order

(A) Dominant layer

(B) Herbaceous layer

(C) Codominant layer

(D) Ground layer

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (B). (C), (A), (D)

(2) (D), (C), (B), (A)

(3) (A), (C), (B), (A)

(4) (D), (B), (C), (A)

Answer: 4

 

Q.26. The theory of plate tectonics does not help to explain the origin and location of which one of the following?

(A) Mountain systems, major sea floors, earthquakes

(B) Earthquakes and major sea floors

(C) Ocean currents, climatic zones

(D) Earthquakes and mountain system

(E) Earthquakes

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (C) and (D) only

(3) (C) only

(4) (A) and (E) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.27. Match List I with List II:

List I

Tropical Disturbances

(A) Low pressure area

(B) Cyclonic storm

(C) Depression

(D) Severe cyclonic storm

 

List II

Wind speed in circulation (in kmph)

(I) 89-118

(II) 31-49

(III) <31

(IV) 62-88

Codes:

             (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(A)       IV        II         III        I

(B)       III        II         I           IV

(C)       III        IV        II         I

(D)       I           IV        III        II

Answer: 3

 

Q.28. Which of the following are very high risk areas of earthquake?

(A) Tripura

(B) North Bihar

(C) Eastern Gujarat

(D) Haryana

Codes:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (C) only

(3) (C) and (D) only

(4) (A) and (D) only

Answer: 1

 

Q.29. Arrange the given years in descending order on the basis of number of people affected by natural disasters in India?

(A) 1988

(B) 1980

(C) 1985

(D) 1991

(E) 1994

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (C), (B), (D), (E)

(2) (D), (A), (B), (C), (E)

(3) (B), (A), (E), (D), (C)

(4) (E), (D), (B), (C), (A)

Answer: 3

 

Q.30. Which of the following statements are correct regarding ‘Doabs’ of Punjab?

(A) Jalandhar Doab between the Beas and the Sutlej

(B) Bari Doab between the Beas and the Ravi

(C) Sindh Doab between the Ravi and the Jhelum

(D) Chhaj Doab between the Beas and the Ravi

Codes:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (A) and (C) only

(3) (C) and (D) only

(4) (B) and (D) only

Answer: 1

 

Q.31. Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion A and the other in labelled as

Assertion (A): At greater ocean depths: water moves extremely slow and maintains a uniform low temperature

Reasons (R): The oceanic surface returns heat and water to the lower atmosphere.

In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) in the correct explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A)

(3) (A) in correct but (R) is not correct

(4) (A) is not correct but (R) is correct

Answer: 2

 

Q.32. Stop and Go determinism was propounded by

(1) F. Ratzel

(2) G. Taylor

(3) A.V. Humboldt

(4) J. Brunhes

Answer: 2

 

Q.33. Which one of the following statements was not considered by Malthus while stating Malthusian theory of population growth?

(1) Food supply will increase in arithmetic proportion while population will increase in geometric proportion

(2) With increasing population food scarcity will increase, resulting in high death rate of population

(3) Development of technology leading to increasing food production

(4) People will suffer from malnutrition resulting in high death rate

Answer: 3

 

Q.34. Which of the following local winds are not related with drainage winds?

(1) Bora

(2) Mistral

(3) Santa Ana

(4) Rossby

Answer: 4

 

Q.35. Which of the following states recorded literacy rates in descending order as per census 2011 data?

(A) Kerala

(B) Himachal Pradesh

(C) Haryana

(D) Odisha

Code:

(1) (A), (D), (C), (B)

(2) (B), (A), (C), (D)

(3) (A), (B), (C), (D)

(4) (A), (C), (B), (D)

Answer: 3

 

Q.36. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of oceanic currents of Northern Pacific Ocean

(A) West wind drift

(B) North Equatorial current

(C) Kuroshio current

(D) California current

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B), (C), (D)

(2) (C), (D), (B), (A)

(3) (B), (C), (A), (D)

(4) (D), (A), (B), (C)

Answer: 3

 

Q.37. Which one of the following group of State/UT recorded very high population growth rate during 2001-2011 as per data given by census of India?

(1) Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh Tripura

(2) Mizoram, Sikkim, Goa, Bihar

(3) Behar, Jammu and Kashmir, Goa, Delhi

(4) Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Meghalaya Mizoram

Answer: 4

Q.38. Yardangs are the creation of erosion by

(1) Fluvial

(2) Aeolian

(3) Karst

(4) Glacial

Answer: 2

 

Q.39. The per minute solar radiation received on one centimeter square at the outer surface of a plane is

(1) Convection

(2) Solar constant

(3) Absorption

(4) Reflection

Answer: 2

 

Q.40. Who among the following developed the concept of “Mental Map”?

(1) P.Gould, H. White and Lynch

(2) Humboldt, Ritter and Paschel

(3) Semple and Huntington

(4) Boulding and Hagerstrand

Answer: 1

 

Q.41. Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Ascertain A and the other is labelled as Reason R.

Assertion (A): Value system is a commonly held set of beliefs understandings and controls, that unite members of a culture group.

Reasons (R): Polytheism adheres to belief in many religious beliefs.

Codes:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A)

(3) (A) is true but (R) is not false

(4) (A) is false but (R) is true

Answer: 2

 

Q.42. Population migration

(A) pull factor in population migration refers to availability of livelihood opportunities at destination places

(B) step migration refers to stepwise availability of livelihood opportunities at destination places

(C) push factor in population migration refers to less limited availability of livelihood opportunities at originating place

(D) migration field refers to return migration to originating place

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below

(1) (B) and (D) only

(2) (A) and (B) only

(3) (B) and (C) only

(4) (A) and (C) only

Answer: 4

 

 

Q.43. Which one of the following statements is/are incorrect regarding waves?

(A) wave height is not indicator of wave energy

(B) wave height is controlled by wind strength

(C) the distance of open water a wave travels over affects the wave height

(D) the depth of the sea is important factors affecting wave height

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) A only

(2) (A) and (B) only

(3) (C) only

(4) (C) and (D) only

Answer: 1

 

Q.44. Using the locational triangle, the concept of the least transport coat location was introduced by

(1) Walter Isard

(2) M.K. Bandman

(3) D.M. Smith

(4) Alfred Weber

Answer: 4

 

Q.45. Consider the following and choose the correct sequence of maps from larger scale to smaller scale

(A) Cadastral

(B) Topographical

(C) Wall

(D) Globe

Choose the correct answer from the option given below:

(1) (A), (C), (D), (B) only

(2) (B), (A), (C), (D) only

(3) (A), (B), (C), (D) only

(4) (C), (A), (B) (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.46. Arrange the following states in ascending order on the basis of percentage of tribal population (2011):

(A) Madhya Pradesh

(B) Maharashtra

(C) Rajasthan

(D) Meghalaya

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B), (C), (D)

(2) (C), (D), (B), (A)

(3) (B), (C), (A), (D)

(4) (D), (A), (B), (C)

Answer: 3

 

Q.47. Who among the following formalized the concept that there exists relationship between the spatial organization and National development?

(1) Friedmann

(2) Dickens

(3) Kuklinski

(4) Luten

Answer: 1

 

Q.48. Which of the following statements are incorrect about the origin and growth of international tourism industry?

(A) Thomas Cook arranged the first package tours in 1841. taking travellers from Leicester to Loughborough in U.K.

(B) The growing appreciation for variety in the cultural landscape in large European cities such as Paris, Rome and London among tourist and other citizen played a role in expansion of tourism

(C) The end of world war II provided the greatest impetus to tourism

(D) Jet plane failed to herald the new era in International tourism

(E) Boeing 747 in 1970 did not attract much international tourism

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (C) only

(2) (C), (D) only

(3) (D), (E) only

(4) (B), (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.49. Which one of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the German School of Geographers?

(A) F.V. Richthofen- F. Ratzel- Alfred Hettner- Oscar Paschel

(B) F. Ratzel- Oscar Paschel- F.V. Richthofen- Alfred Hettner

(C) Alfred Hettner- Oscar Paschel- F.V. Richthofen- F. Ratzel

(D) Oscar Pechel- F.V. Richthofen- F. Ratzel- Alfred Hettner

(E) F, N Richthofen – Alfred Hettner- F. Ratzel- Oscar Paschel

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (D)

(2) (C) and (D)

(3) (A) and (B)

(4) (D) only

Answer: 4

 

Q.50. Which of the following in the correct sequence in the development of geographic thought?

(A) Greeks, Roman, Arabs. Dark Ages

(B) Greeks, Roman, Dark Ages, Arabs

(C) Roman, Greeks, Arabs, Dark Ages

(D) Arabs, Greeks. Roman, Dark Ages

(E) Greeks, Dark ages. Roman, Arabs

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

(1) (B)

(2) (A)

(3) (C)

(4) (E)

Answer: 2

Q.51. Match List I with List II:

Last I

(Soil Type)

(A) Laterite

(B) Saline

(C) Black

(D) Red loam

 

List II

(Places of occurrence)

(I) Rahr plain

(II) Maharashtras plain

(III) Rajmahal Hills

(IV) Kutch region

 

Codes:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       II         IV        III        I

(2)       IV        II         III        I

(3)       III        IV        II         I

(4)       IV        II         I           III

Answer: 3

 

Q.52. Which of the following statements about international trade in post-globalisation phase are correct?

(A) The share of international trade has doubled now in comparison to that of 1950

(B) Protectionist tendency in trade stands highly discouraged now

(C) The share of developing countries has increased substantially

(D) The share of manufactured goods has grown sharply

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B, (D) only

(2) (B), (C), (D) only

(3) (A), (C), (D) only

(4) (A), (B), (C) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.53. Match List I and List II:

List I

Proponent

(A) Gibson

(B) Guelke

(C) Peet

(D) Wright and Kirk

List II

Philosophy of Geography

(I) Idealism

(II) Realism

(III) Behaviourism

(IV) Radicalism

Codes:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       III        II         I           IV

(2)       IV        III        II         I

(3)       II         I           IV        III

(4)       I           III        IV        II

Answer: 3

 

Q.54. The San Andrean Fault is an example of

(1) Transform fault

(3) Spreading fault

(2) Converging fault

(4) Subduction fault

Answer: 1

Q.55. The most important factor responsible for localization of high-tech firms in Silicon Valley of California in

(1) Cheap Labour

(2) Access to the market

(3) Agglomeration Economy

(4) High speed transportation

Answer: 3

 

Q.56. The first meteorological satellite was

(1) TRMM

(2) TIROS-I

(3) MODIS

(4) NOAA

Answer: 2

 

Q.57. Singularities pertaining to recurrence of anticydonic weather are associated with which area of the globe?

(1) South Asia

(2) North America

(3) Britain

(4) Australia

Answer: 3

 

Q.58. Which of the following statements are correct related to population studies?

(A) The Neo-Malthusian theories, contended that in human population fertility behaviour is conditioned by technological development

(B) Thomas Malthus was an English Economist and demographer

(C) Population cohort refers to, a group of population unified by a specific common characteristic

(D) Crude birth rate refers to birth rates minus death rates

(E) Population pyramids are constructed to identify natural growth rate of population

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B), (D) only

(2) (A), (C), (E) only

(3) (A), (B), (C) only

(4) (B), (D), (E) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.59. Which one of the following is incorrect about agro-industrialization-

(1) Needs large agricultural farms

(2) Low labour input per unit of production

(3) Highly qualified managers

(4) Less use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides

Answer: 4

 

Q.60. Who among the following scholars examined the regional and geographical implications of growth pole theory earlier propounded by perroux?

(1) Gunnar Myrdal

(2) John Friedmann

(3) A. O. Hirschman

(4) J. Boudellie

Answer: 4

Q.61. Match List I and List II:

List- I

(Thinker/Scholar)

(A) Gunnar Myrdal

(B) A.O. Hirschman

(C) John Friedmann

(D) J. Boudeville

 

List-II

(Theory/Model/Strategy)

(I) Strategy of unbalanced growth

(II) Circular and cumulative causation

(III) Growth centre and growth axis

(IV) Core and periphery

Codes:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       I           II         III        IV

(2)       II         I           IV        III

(3)       III        IV        I           II

(4)       IV        III        II         I

Answer: 2

 

Q.62. Match List I with List II:

List I

Land forms

(A) Monadnocks

(B) Blind valley

(C) Drumline

(D) Zeugen

 

List II

Agents of gradation

(I) Wind

(II) Glacier

(III) River

(IV) Ground water

Codes:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       II         III        I           IV

(2)       IV        II         III        I

(3)       I           II         IV        III

(4)       III        IV        II         I

Answer: 4

 

Q.63. A researcher wants to study the relationship of family size to income. He/She classifies population into different income slabs and then takes a random sample from selected slabs. Which one of the following techniques is he/she working with?

(1) Cluster sampling

(2) Random sampling

(3) Stratified random sampling

(4) Systematic sampling

Answer: 3

 

Q.64. Match Last I with List II

List I

Cultural Terms

(A) Cultural Hearth

(B) Cultural Landscape

(C) Cultural traits

(D) Cultural Realms

 

List II

Definition

(I) Cultural parameter that specify learned behaviour.

(II) Areas of innovation from which key cultural elements diffused to surrounding areas.

(III) Surfaces or areas modified by human action to produce tangible and physical records over a period of time.

(IV) Cultural regions showing related cultural complexes and landscapes.

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       II         IV        I           III

(2)       III        II         I           IV

(3)       III        IV        I           II

(4)       II         III        I           IV

Answer: 4

 

Q.65. Arrange the following in a spatial order from equator:

(A) Northeast trades

(B) Horse latitudes

(C) Doldrum

(D) Westerlies

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1)) (C), (A), (B), (D)

(2) (B), (C), (D), (A)

(3) (A), (B), (C), D)

(4) (D), (A), (C), (B)

Answer: 1

 

Q.66. Who among the following scholars coined the term permafrost?

(1) Ritter

(2) Humboldt

(3) Agaziz

(4) Ramsay

Answer: 2

 

Q.67. Which one of the following depicts correct demographic equation of population growth?

(1) Natural increase and dependency ratios

(2) Natural increase and net migration

(3) In migration and birth rate

(4) Out-migration and death rate

Answer: 2

 

Q.68. Belize barrier reef is located between:

(1) Mexico and Cuba

(2) Jamaica and Honduras

(3) Mexico and Guatemala

(4) Mexico and Bahamas

Answer: 3

 

Q.69. Which one of the following methods in used by researchers for reducing ‘biasness of scale’ while compositing several indicators?

(1) working out percentages and adding them together

(2) adding actual values of all indicators

(3) segregating positive and negative indicators

(4) dividing the values of indicators with their mean values

Answer: 4

 

Q.70. Which one of the following frequency distribution is negatively skewed?

DEC 2020 UGC NET GRAPHY

(1) A

(2) B

(3) C

(4) D

Answer: 4

 

Q.71. Which one of the following groups of land forms is produced by erosion?

(A) Fiords, Drumline, Natural levees

(B) Playa, Pinacle, Swallow holes

(C) Esters, Outwash plain, Till

(D) Cirques, Stalagmites, Ventifacts

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (D) only

(2) (A) only

(3) (B) and (D) only

(4) (B) only

Answer: 4

 

Q.72. Lateral planation theory of pediment formation was propounded by

(1) W.M. Davis

(2) Ven Richthofen

(3) G.K. Gilbert

(4) C. Darwin

Answer: 3

 

Q.73. Match List I and List II:

List I

Urban terms

(A) Urbanized Area

(B) Conurbation

(C) Urban Influence Zone

(D) Primate City

 

List II

Definitions

(I) Continuously built up landscapes with no political boundaries

(II) Continuous urban huilt-up area with multiple urban centres

(III) A city with much higher population (more than twice) than the proportion of second largest city

(IV) Areas outside cities having significant city influence

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       I           II         IV        III

(2)       III        II         I           IV

(3)       II         III        I           IV

(4)       IV        II         I           III

Answer: 1

 

Q.74. In any thematic map, which of the following methods are used to record presence of phenomenon; its spatial pattern, distribution and dispersion

(1) Isopleth Mapping

(2) Isoline Mapping

(3) Choropleth Mapping

(4) Dot method mapping

Answer: 4

 

Q.75. What is the total duration of time required to complete the two cycles of high and low tides at any place?

(1) 24 hours

(2) 12 hours

(3) Less than 12 hours

(4) More than 24 hours

Answer: 4

 

Q.76. Match List I with List II

List I

Transport Network Measures Density

(A) Network

(B) Pi Index

(C) Eta Index

(D) Theta Index

List II

Definition

(I) Average length per link

(II) Transport network in terms of km of links (L) per square kilometer of surface (S)

(III) The relationship between total length of the graph (G) and the distance a log its diameter D (d)

(IV) Average amount of traffic per intersection

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       I           II         III        IV

(2)       II         I           IV        III

(3)       III        I           IV        II

(4)       II         III        I           IV

Answer: 4

 

Q.77. Match List I with List II:

List I

(Theories of origin of tides)

(A) Equilibrium Theory

(B) Dynamical Theory

(C) Progressive wave Theory

(D) Stationary wave Theory

 

List II

(Propounded by)

(I) Newton

(II) Laplace

(III) Whewell

(IV) Harris

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       IV        III        II         I

(2)       III        II         IV        I

(3)       II         IV        I           III

(4)       I           II         III        IV

Answer: 4

 

Q.78. The volume, nature and direction of global trade is influenced by

(A) Economic advancement

(B) Comparative and locational advantage

(C) Historical factors and investment

(D) Changes in global market

(E) Geographical distance

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B), (C) and (E) only

(3) (B), (C) and (D) only

(4) (A), B) and (C) only

Answer: 2

 

Q.79. Geo-Strategic model in political geography was propounded by:

(1) Spykman

(2) Saul Cohen

(3) John Short

(4) John Agnew

Answer: 2

 

Q.80. Who among the following geographers, focused on man centered Geography?

(A) Davis and Sample

(B) Huntington and Blache

(C) Gefferron and Humboldt

(D) Blache and Reclus

(E) Guelke and Jean Brunhes

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (D) only

(3) (D) and (E) only

(4) (A) and (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.81. In four stages of demographic transition theory, the stage in which birth rate continues to be high but death rate declines rapidly, is:

(1) Stage 4

(2) Stage 1

(3) Stage 2

(4) Stage 3

Answer: 3

 

 

Q.82. Which one of the following is not a process of cultural change?

(1) Acculturation

(2) Diffusion

(3) Innovation

(4) Segregation

Answer: 4

 

Q.83. Which one of the following are methods of load movement of sediment transportation in Ocean?

(A) Traction

(B) Saltation

(C) Turbulent flow

(D) Flocculate

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) only

(2) (A), and (B) only

(3) (A), (B) and (C) only

(4) (B), (C) and (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.84. Consider the statements about currents in Indian Ocean

(A) North of equator, the formation of ocean currents is not influenced by the changing nature of the monsoon wind system

(B) Somali current is the warm current of Indian Ocean

(C) Somali current is the cold current of Indian Ocean

(D) Peru current in a cold current of Indian Ocean

(E) North-Equatorial current of Indian ocean disappears in the month of August and September

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (C) and (E) only

(3) (B) and (C) only

(4) (D) and (E) only

Answer: 2

 

Q.85. Geography in 17 volumes was authored by:

(1) Ptolemy

(2) Ritter

(3) Strabo

(4) Aristotle

Answer: 3

 

Q.86. Read the statements carefully and find out the incorrect one, associated with GIS

(A) Data from several sources is integrated in consistent form

(B) What if scenarios can be visualised

(C) In vector-database. map data is stored using a matrix of grid cells

(D) Attribute data are descriptive data of features

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) only

(2) (B) only

(3) (C) only

(4) (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.87. Identify the cryogenic indicators of paleoclimates:

(A) Evaporite deposites

(B) Ice cores

(C) Duricruats

(D) Varves

(E) Ice sheets

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (E) only

(3) (A) and (C) only

(4) (C) and (D) only

Answer: 2

 

Q.88. Identify the terrestrial disasters

(A) Cold wave

(B) Seismic

(C) Collision of meteors with the earth

(D) Tsunami

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (C) only

(3) (C) and (D) only

(4) (B) and (D) only

Answer: 4

 

Q.89. Match List I with List II

List I

Whitlesey’s Agricultural region

(A) Commercial dairy farming

(B) Commercial grain farming

(C) Nomadic herding

(D) Commercial plantation

 

List II

Name of country

(I) Mongolia

(II) Sri lanka

(III) New Zealand

(IV) Argentina

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)       I           II         III        IV

(2)       II         III        IV        I

(3)       III        IV        I           II

(4)       IV        III        II         I

Answer: 3

 

Q.90. Indian States are arranged in ascending order on the basis of road length (2017)

(A) Tamil Nadu

(B) Karnataka

(C) Maharashtra

(D) Gujarat

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (C), (B), (A), (D)

(2) (A), (B), (C), (D)

(3) (B), (C), (D), (A)

(4) (D), (B), (A), (C)

Answer: 1

TABLE:

JUNE 2021 UGC NET GEOGRAPHY

Answer the following questions on the basis of above table (91-95)

Q.91. What percent of stations recorded temperature between 30°C to 70°C

(1) 40

(2) 54

(3) 62

(4) 64

Answer: 4

 

Q.92. Which one of the following is the median of the above data?

(1) 45°C

(2) 35°C

(3)55°C

(4) 40°C

Answer: 1

 

Q.93. The Third Quartile (Q3) of the distribution is:

(1) 45°C

(2) 49.375 °C

(3) 45.5°C

(4) 59.375 °C

Answer: 4

 

Q.94. The number of stations that recorded temperature less than 40°C:

(1) 3

(2) 9

(3) 10

(4) 5

Answer: 3

 

Q.95. The average temperature in the region is:

(1) 40°C

(2) 45°C

(3) 50°C

(4) 55°C

Answer: 2

 

Geography as a discipline is focused on understanding the relationship between Man and Nature. It is built on experiences of successive generations. The history of geography is basically concerned with the development of human consciousness about the possibilities and limitations that nature offers for human growth. The word geography was first used by the Greek scholar Eratosthenes in the third century. Hartshorne said that Geography provides rational description of the earths surface above and below depending on the progress in technology. The study of man is the realm of humanities, whereas science focused on the study of nature. Geography studies them simultaneously.

However, geography as a university level discipline started only in the nineteenth century. Humboldt and Ritter demonstrated the usefulness of Geography as an universal science After this period many scholars like Ratzel and Richtofen in Germany, Blache and Reclus in France projected it as an integrated study. Man. Nature relationship, hormony with nature led to concepts of Determination and possibilism, however Kant tried to address this confusion to a certain extent. With the emergence of different schools of thought Dualism and Dichotomies in Geography like general versus regional-physical versus Human-Historical versus Contemporary-Nodal versus regional concepts developed; and prevailed. The advent of quantitative revolution had further diversified the discipline. Paradigm systems approach and models in geography became significant aspects of modern geographic thought. Paradigm proposed by Kuhn had references on areal differentiation, exceptionalism. spatial analysis Models in Geography made significant progress. Modern Themes in Geographic thought like positivism, pragmatism, functionalism etc work introduced.

Answer the following questions on the basis of above Passage: (96-100)

 

Q.96. The usefulness of Geography as an Universal Science was demonstrated by

(1) Eratosthenes and Strabo

(2) Hecataeus and Hipparchus

(3) Humboldt and Ritter

(4) Aristotle and Eratosthenes

Answer: 3

 

Q.97. The concepts of Determinism and positivism emerged as a result of integrated Hinduism by

(1) Greek and Roman

(2) Greek and Arabs

(3) Roman and Arab

(4) German and French

Answer: 4

 

 

Q.98. Who were the first to use the word Geography?

(1) Arabs

(2) Roman

(3) Greeks

(4) Chinese

Answer: 3

 

Q.99. Which of the following is the recent development in Geographic studies?

(1) Regional geography

(2) Astronomy

(3) Determination

(4) Positivism

Answer: 4

Q.100. Which major development in Geographic studies during the recent period changed the direction in its growth?

(1) Paradigm

(2) System Approach

(3) Quantitative Revolution

(4) Models

Answer: 3

PDF Download Link: SHIFT-1 DEC 2020 JUNE 2021 Paper 2 Geography

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