GEOGRAPHICAL TECHNIQUES 140 IMPORTANT MCQS PART 1 FOR NTA UGC NET
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Practical Geography
(A) CARTOGRAPHY AND STATISTICS
Q.1. The Geodesy is a science deals with
(A) The space study
(B) Interior of the earth
(C) Measurement of the earth
(D) Study of geological features
Answer: C
Explanation:
The branch of mathematics dealing with the shape and area of the earth or large portions of it.
Q.2. The dependent variable is represented along the
(A) X-Axis
(B) Y-Axis
(C) Z-Axis
(D) V-Axis
Answer: B
Explanation:
X Axis: Independent Variable
Y Axis: Dependent Variable
Q.3. Which organization prepares the topographical map of India?
(A) Geological Survey of India
(B) Survey of India
(C) National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization
(D) Indian Statistical Institute
Answer: B
Explanation:
Formed: 1767
Headquarters: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
Q.4. Which of the following statistical techniques is used for establishing the Relationship between two variables
(A) Regression
(B) Standard Deviation
(C) Ogive
(D) Z-Score
Answer: A
Explanation:
Regression:
In statistical modeling, regression analysis is a set of statistical processes for estimating the relationships between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables.
Standard Deviation:
In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure of the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of values. A low standard deviation indicates that the values tend to be close to the mean of the set, while a high standard deviation indicates that the values are spread out over a wider range.
Ogive:
An ogive, sometimes called a cumulative frequency polygon, is a type of frequency polygon that shows cumulative frequencies. In other words, the cumulative percents are added on the graph from left to right.
An ogive graph plots cumulative frequency on the y-axis and class boundaries along the x-axis. It’s very similar to a histogram, only instead of rectangles, an ogive has a single point marking where the top right of the rectangle would be. It is usually easier to create this kind of graph from a frequency table.
Z-Score:
In statistics, the standard score is the number of standard deviations by which the value of a raw score is above or below the mean value of what is being observed or measured. Raw scores above the mean have positive standard scores, while those below the mean have negative standard scores.
Q.5. The cumulative frequency distribution is shown by
(A) Histogram
(B) Mode
(C) Frequency Polygon
(D) Ogive
Answer: D
Explanation:
Ogive:
An ogive, sometimes called a cumulative frequency polygon, is a type of frequency polygon that shows cumulative frequencies. In other words, the cumulative percents are added on the graph from left to right.
An ogive graph plots cumulative frequency on the y-axis and class boundaries along the x-axis. It’s very similar to a histogram, only instead of rectangles, an ogive has a single point marking where the top right of the rectangle would be. It is usually easier to create this kind of graph from a frequency table.
Q.6. The statistical technique used to determine the degree of relationship between two variables is called*
(A) Disperson
(B) Index Number
(C) Gini Index
(D) Correlation
Answer: D
Explanation:
Q.7. Which of the following is not a quantitative distribution map
(A) Isopleth Map
(B) Dot Map
(C) Choropleth Map
(D) Choroschematic Map
Answer: D
Explanation:
Qualitative Distribution Map:
Choroschematic Map or Symbol Map,
Chorochromatic or Tind or Colour Map,
Simple shade Map,
Naming Map
Quantitative Distribution Map:
Isopleth Map,
Choropleth or shading Map,
Dot Map,
Q.8. Occupational Structure of population in India at state level is best represented by
(A) Pie Diagram
(B) Dot Method
(C) Choropleth Map
(D) Isopleth
Answer: A
Explanation:
A Pie Chart is a type of graph that displays data in a circular graph. The pieces of the graph are proportional to the fraction of the whole in each category. In other words, each slice of the pie is relative to the size of that category in the group as a whole. The entire “pie” represents 100 percent of a whole, while the pie “slices” represent portions of the whole.
Q.9. Which one of the following central tendencies is the appropriate method for the study of disperson?*
(A) Arithmetic Mean
(B) Median
(C) Mode
(D) Geometric Mean
Answer: B
Explanation:
Q.10. Which one of the following cartographic techniques is suitable for measuring spatial association among different attributes of the regional economy?
(A) Bar Diagram
(B) Pie Diagram
(C) Choropleth Map
(D) Isopleth Map
Answer: A
Explanation:
Q.11. Which one of the following statistical techniques involves a large number of variables to be summarized into smaller dimension?
(A) Chi-Square
(B) Correlation Analysis
(C) Regression
(D) Factor Analysis
Answer: D
Explanation:
Factor analysis is a technique that is used to reduce a large number of variables into fewer numbers of factors. This technique extracts maximum common variance from all variables and puts them into a common score.
Q.12. Which one of the following averages is not a measure of central tendency?
(A) Harmonic Mean
(B) Geographic Mean Centre
(C) Geometric Mean
(D) Arithmetic Mean
Answer: B
Explanation:
Q.13. A map with the scale of 1/50,000 is enlarged to 5-times which one of the following scales is correct for enlarged map
(A) 1/25,000
(B) 1/100,000
(C) 1/10,000
(D) 1/2,500
Answer: C
Explanation: 1/50000 * 5 = 1/10000
Q.14. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below
List-I
(Land Use Types) |
List- II
(Conventional Colour Map Symbol) |
A. Forest | 1. Yellow |
B. Cultivation Area | 2. Red |
C. Uncultivable Land | 3. Dark Green |
D. Built Up Areas | 4. Brown |
Codes:
A | B | C | D | |
A. | 2 | 4 | 1 | 3 |
B. | 1 | 4 | 3 | 2 |
C. | 3 | 1 | 4 | 2 |
D. | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 |
Answer: C
Explanation:
Q.15. Which of the following is a non-quantitative area distribution of map
(A) Choropleth Map
(B) Isopleth Map
(C) Multiple Dots Map
(D) Choroschematic Map
Answer: D
Explanation:
Q.16. In order to study standard of living among the large, medium, small and marginal farmers of a region, which of the sampling technique would be more appropriate?
(A) Random Sampling
(B) Stratified Random Sampling
(C) Purposive Sampling
(D) Multistage Sampling
Answer: B
Explanation:
Q.17. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below
List-1
(Spatial Pattern) |
List-II
(Values of Rn Statistics) |
A. Perfect Uniform | 1. 1.20 |
B. Tending to Cluster | 2.2.14 |
C. Tending to Random | 3. 0.00 |
D. Perfect Cluster | 4. 0.60 |
Codes:
A | B | C | D | |
A. | 3 | 1 | 4 | 2 |
B. | 4 | 2 | 3 | 1 |
C. | 2 | 4 | 1 | 3 |
D. | 1 | 2 | 4 | 3 |
Answer: C
Explanation:
Q.18. Which one of the following is not a measure of central tendency?
(A) Arithmetic Mean
(B) Mean Deviation
(C) Median
(D) Mode
Answer: B
Explanation:
Q.19. Which one of the following map scales is a large scale
(A) 1 :250,000
(B) 1 : 25,000
(C) 1 :500,000
(D) 1 : 50,000
Answer: B
Explanation:
Q.20. Which one of the following symbols does not represent a point data?
(A) Spot Heights
(B) Bench Marks
(C) Contours
(D) Triangulation Stations
Answer: C
Explanation: