GEOGRAPHICAL TECHNIQUES 140 IMPORTANT MCQS PART 4 FOR NTA UGC NET
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Q.61. The headquarter of survey of India is located at
(A) New Delhi
Survey of India
Organization prepares the topographical map of India
Headquarters: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
Q.62. The headquarter of Geological Survey of India is
(C) New Delhi
Geological Survey of India
The Geological Survey of India (GSI) is a scientific agency of India. It was founded in 1851, is a Government of India Ministry of Mines organisation, one of the oldest of such organisations in the world and the second oldest survey in India after Survey of India (founded in 1767), for conducting geological surveys and studies of India, and also as the prime provider of basic earth science information to government, industry and general public, as well as the official participant in steel, coal, metals, cement, power industries and international geoscientific forums.
Formed: 4 March 1851
Headquarters: Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Q.63. The full form of SPSS is
(A) Semi Package for the Social Sciences
(B) Statistical Package for the Social Sciences
(C) Standard Package for the Social Science
(D) Special Package for the Social Sciences
SPSS means “Statistical Package for the Social Sciences” and was first launched in 1968.
Q.64. Who was the originator of Regression Analysis?
(A) Clark and Evans
(B) Karl Pearson
(D) Francis Galton
The term regression was first applied to statistics by the polymath Francis Galton.
Q.65. The Climograph was introduced in Cartography by
(A) A.H. Robinson
(B) G. Taylor
(C) F. Galton
(D) G.H. Smith
Climograph devised by G. Taylor (1949)
Q.66. The Nearest Neighbour Analysis (NAA) method was developed by
(A) G.H. Smith
(B) A.H. Robison
(C) Clark and Evans
(D) Karl Pearson
NEAREST NEIGHBOUR ANALYSIS
- This method was devised by Clark and Evans.
- The pattern of distribution of houses in a village measured by this method can be described using names such as clustered, regular or random.
- The nearest neighbour analysis for villages and rural settlement can be measured by measuring distances between each village and the neighbouring village which lies close to it.
- It can be calculated with the help of Nearest neighbour index (Rn)
Nearest neighbour index (Rn)
- Rn=2d√ n/A
- A= size of the area concerned
- d= mean distance between villages
- n=number of villages
- Rn can range from 0 to 2.15
- 0= Clustered
- 0= Random
- 15= Perfectly Uniform
Q.67. The contours of equal spacing represents
(A) Undulating Slope
(B) Convex Slope
(C) Concave Slope
(D) Uniform Slope
Q.68. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below
|A. One Dimensional Diagram||1. Shows Length and Width|
|B. Two Dimensional Diagram||2. Shows Length|
|C. Three Dimensional Diagram||3. Shows Spatial Variations of Single Phenomena or relationship between Phenomena|
|D. Thematic Map||4. Shows length, breadth and height|
Q.69. Which one of the following terms is used to measure the extreme peak in a normal distribution?
Leptokurtic distributions are distributions with kurtosis larger than that of a normal distribution.
Q.70. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below –
|List-I (R.F.)||List-II (Level of Scale)|
|A. 1: 2, 50,000||1. Cadastral|
|B. 1 : 50, 00, 000||2. Large|
|C. 1 : 25, 000||3. Medium|
|D. 1 : 4,000||4. Small|
Q.71. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below
|List-I (Statistics)||List-II (Analysis)|
|A. Standard Distance||1. Principal Component|
|B. Nearest Neighbour Analysis||2. Scatter Diagram|
|C. Correlation||3. Settlement Pattern|
|D. Eigen Value||4. Centographic Measure|
Q.72. Morphometric explanation is suitable for the study of
(A) Forest Resources
(B) Slope Analysis
(C) Land Use Pattern
(D) Soil Resources
Q.73. Chi-Square statistical method is mostly used for
(C) Inter Relation
(D) Significance of a frequency distribution
Pearson’s chi-squared test is used to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference between the expected frequencies and the observed frequencies
Q.74. Who among the following prepared Lorenze Curve for showing the inequality of income?
(B) G. Taylor
(C) Dr. Max O. Lorenz
(D) A.H. Robinson
The Lorenz curve is a graphical representation of the distribution of income or of wealth. It was developed by Max O. Lorenz in 1905 for representing inequality of the wealth distribution.
Q.75. Which one of the following phenomenal relationship is depicted by an Ergo Graph?
(A) Temperature and Absolute Humidity
(B) Rainfall and Run Off
(C) Crop Production and Rainfall
(D) Climate and Growing Season of Crops
This graph shows the relationship between season, climate and crops. The climate is represented by monthly average temperature, rainfall and relative humidity, which are marked along the Y-axis. The twelve months are marked along the X-axis. Below the X-axis, the acreage of various crops is shown on some selected scale. A Geddes and AG Ogilvie presented circular ergograph to show the continuous rhythm of seasonal activities.
Q.76. Which one of the following indicates ‘Random’ distribution of settlements?
Q.77. According to Nearest Neighbour Index, what would be the maximum value for the perfect uniform settlement distribution?
Q.78. Which one of the following values of correlation coefficient (r) is not correctly matched degree of relationship?
(A) + 0.99 High
(B) + 0.50 Moderate
(C) – 0.01 Very low
(D) – 0.99 Nil
Q.79. Which one of the following aspects could be correctly represented in a contour map?
(A) Population distribution
(B) Terrain elevation
(C) Rock hardness
(D) Soil distribution
Q.80. Which one of the following correlation coefficients is mismatched with its value?
(A) Perfect positive
(B) Imperfect negative
(C) No correlation
(D) Positive significant