GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA 200 IMPORTANT MCQS PART 8 FOR NTA UGC NET
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Q.126. Which are of the following types of erosion is responsible for formation of Chambal Ravines
Gully erosion is responsible for the formation of Chambal Ravines. Ravines are a type of fluvial erosional feature and are formed as result of constant vertical erosion by streams and rivers flowing over semi-arid and arid regions. The region through which the Chambal river flows does not receive enough rainfall to create ravines that are 60–80 m deep.
Q.127. The highest milk producing breed of goat in India is
(C) Block Bengal
Q.128. Which of the following is considered a hot-spot of biodiversity in India?
(A) Aravalli hills
(B) Indo-gangetic plain
(C) Western Ghats
(D) Eastern Ghats
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity, that is under threat from humans. These areas have large numbers of endemic species those found nowhere else but many of these are heavily threatened by habitat loss and other human activities.
Biodiversity Hotspots – 2 Main Qualifying Criteria
According to Conservation International, a region must fulfill the following two criteria to qualify as a hotspot:
- The region should have at least 1500 species of vascular plants i.e., it should have a high degree of endemism.
- It must contain 30% (or less) of its original habitat, i.e. it must be threatened.
There are major four biodiversity hotspots in India:
- The Himalayas
- Indo-Burma Region
- The Western Ghats
Q.129. Saddle peak is the highest peak of Andaman and Nicobar Island is located is
(A) Great Nicobar
(B) Middle Andaman
(C) Little Andaman
(D) North Andaman
Saddle Peak or Saddle Hill is located on North Andaman Island in India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands. At 731 m, it is the highest point of the archipelago in the Bay of Bengal. It is surrounded by Saddle Peak National Park. It is located near Diglipur, a town in North Andaman Island.
Q.130. Which state of India has the largest area under forest?
(B) Uttar Pradesh
(C) Himachal Pradesh
(D) Madhya Pradesh
Forest cover (in sq.km) (Descending order)
- Madhya Pradesh- 77522 sq.km
- Arunachal Pradesh- 67321 sq.km
- Chhattisgarh- 55621 sq.km
- Maharashtra – 50632 sq.km
- Odisha – 50347 sq.km
Q.131. In which state is Sriharikota range situated which is the centre for launching satellites in India?
(B) Andhra Pradesh
(C) Tamil Nadu
Sriharikota is a barrier island off the Bay of Bengal coast located in the Shar Project settlement of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh. It houses the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, one of the two satellite launch centres in India (the other being the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in Thiruvananthapuram).
Q.132. In which of the following rivers is the Majuli River Island situated?
Q.133. Tulbul project is associated with the river
The Tulbul project is at the mouth of the Wular Lake.
Wular Lake is the largest freshwater lake in India, and is situated on the Jhelum; it provides an important means for the transportation of goods and movement of people of Jammu & Kashmir.
Q.134. Which place is known as Queen of the ‘Arabian Sea’
Q.135. The Sardar Sarovar project is being built on the river
The Sardar Sarovar dam was built across the Narmada river as a development scheme funded by the World Bank. The Sardar Sarovar Dam is considered to be the second-largest concrete dam in the world in terms of the volume of concrete used in this project.
Q.136. The oldest mountain ranges in India are
The Aravali range is the oldest mountain range in India, running across Rajasthan to Haryana. The Aravalli range is the eroded stub of a range of ancient folded mountains. Aravalli Range is one of the most popular mountain ranges in India also known as mewat hills.
Q.137. India permanent research station Dakshin Gangotri and Maitri situated in the
(A) Greater Himalayas
(B) Indian Ocean
(D) Arabian Sea
Dakshin Gangotri was the first scientific base station of India, which was situated in Antarctica. It is a part of the Indian Antarctic Programme. It is located at a distance of 2500 kilometres from the South Pole. It is now used as a supply base and transit camp. Above facts clears that India’s permanent research station-Dakshin Gangotri is situated in Antarctica
Q.138. The Lakshadweep Islands are the product of
(A) Volcanic Activity
(B) Wave Action
(C) Tectonic activity
(D) Coral Reef Formation
Lakshadweep Islands are the product of Reef formation. Lakshadweep is an archipelago of twelve atolls, three reefs and five submerged banks, with a total of about thirty-nine islands and islets.
Q.139. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the product of
(B) Wave Action
(C) Volcanic Activity
Q.140. The Kaziranga National Park of assam is famous for
(A) Project of Tiger
(B) Two Horned Rhino
(C) One Horned Rhino
(D) Project Lion
- The Kaziranga National Park and the Manas Tiger Project (National Park) are internationally famous for one-horned Rhino and Royal Bengal Tiger respectively.
- Kaziranga national park is famous for being the world’s largest habitat for the great one-horned rhinos.
- Kaziranga National Park is situated in Assam.
- It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.