Geomorphology 200 Important MCQS FOR NTA UGC NET GEOGRAPHY
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Q.1. Geomorphology is the study of –
(B) Relief Features
Geomorphology is the study of the nature and history of landforms and the processes which create them. Initially, the subject was committed to unravelling the history of landform development, but to this evolutionary approach has been added a drive to understand the way in which geomorphological processes operate. In many cases, geomorphologists have tried to model geomorphological processes, and, more recently, some have been concerned with the effect of human agency on such processes.
Q.2. Who is called Founder of Modern Geomorphology
(A) W.M. Davis
(B) Carl Ritter
(C) Harry Hess
(D) James Hutton
- James Hutton postulated ‘Principle of Uniformitarianism’ in 1785.
- “Theory of the Earth” in this book J.Hutton discussed the concept of Uniformitarianism.
- “Present is key to the past” James Hutton
- According to Huton: Geological processes were active with the same intensity during each period of geological time.
- Hutton was the first geologist to observe “Cyclic nature of Earth’s History”
- No vestige of a Beginning; no prospect of an end.
Q.3. The concept of Uniformitarianism was pullulated by
(A) James Hutton
(C) L.C. King
(D) Alfred Hetner
Q.4. Who said ‘present is the key to past’
(A) Alfred Hetner
(B) James Hutton
(C) Walther Penck
(D) Grifth Taylor
Q.5. No vestige of beginning prospect of an end: Who said this statement?
(A) Carl Ritter
(B) F. Ratzel
(C) James Hutton
Q.6. Principles of Geology was written by
(A) K.M. Bangar
(B) Charles Leyell
(C) Walter Penk
(D) James Hutton
Q.7. Theory of Earth with Proofs and illustration was written by
(A) W.M. Davis
(B) John Playfair
(C) James Hutton
(D) Charles Leyell
Q.8. Who wrote the book, ‘Illustration of the Hotunion Theory of the Earth’?
(A) John playfair
(B) E.C. Semple
(C) G.K. Gilbert
(D) Walther Penk
Q.9. ‘The Unstable Earth’ was written by
(A) Gilbert, G.K.
(B) J.A Steers
(C) King L.C.
(D) W.M. Davis
The Unstable Earth’ was written by J.A Steers in 1899
Q.10. Exposition of the World System was written by
(A) Immanuel Kant
(C) James Jeans
(D) H.N. Russell
Exposition of the World System was written by Laplace in 1796
Q.11. Interstellar dust Hypothesis was given by
(A) Otto Schmidt
(B) H.N. Russell
(C) A.C. Banerjee
(D) James Jeans
Interstellar dust Hypothesis was given by Otto Schmidt in 1943
Q.12. Who gave the statement-“Give me the matter and I will build a world of it”?
(A) James and Jefferyes
(C) Immanuel Kant
(D) Von Weizsacker
Q.13. Cepheid Theory about the origin of the earth was given by
(B) A.C Bannerjee
(D) F.R. Moultan
A.C Bannerjee proposed the Cepheid Hypothesis on the origin of solar System in 1942.
Q.14. The age of the Earth is about
(A) 4.5 billion years
(B) 4.6 billion years
(C) 4.7 billion years
(D) 4.8 billion years
Q.15. Find out the correct sequences of Era?
(A) Pre-Cambrian, Mesozoic, Palaeozoic, Cenozoic
(B) Paleozoic, Cenozoic, Pre-Cambrian, Mesozoic
(C) Paleozoic, Pre-Cambrian, Cenozoic, Mesozoic
(D) Pre-Cambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic
Q.16. The carboniferous period was well known for
(A) Widespread formation of forest
(B) Widespread formation of coal
(C) Formation of gold
(D) Formation of Iron-ore
Carboniferous period (from about 360 million to 300 million years ago) were its dense and swampy forests, which gave rise to large deposits of peat. Over the eons the peat transformed into rich coal stores in Western Europe and North America. The name “Carboniferous” refers to this coal.
Q.17. In which period Chalk White Writing were mostly found
(A) Jurassic periods
(B) Carboniferous period
(C) Devonian period
(D) Cretaceous period
chalk was deposited during the Cretaceous Period of geologic time. It was a time of global high sea levels that began at the end of the Jurassic Period about 145 million years ago and the beginning of the Paleogene Period about 66 million years ago.
Q.18. The Koyna earthquake (11 December, 1967) occured in the state of
(B) Himachal Pradesh
THE Koyna earthquake of December 11, 1967, killed about 200 people and injured a few thousand. The eipcentre was within 5 km of the Koyna Dam (17° 23′ N., 73° 45′ E.). A magnitude of the order of 7.5 on the Richter scale has been reported by the Indian Meteorological Department and the Central Water and Power Research Station. The depth of focus of the earthquake has been estimated at about 30 km. The earthquake was felt over distances up to 700 km from the epicentre. Geologists, basing their opinion on this information, have suggested that the earthquake resulted from movements along a fault, possibly a satellite of the principal fault along the Malabar coast, and that it may be an isolated event unconnected with the reservoir and the earlier seismic activity.
Q.19. What is Syncline?
(A) The formation and movements of rock in the crust
(B) A down folded strata in the earth curst
(C) A up folded in the strata in of the earth crust
(D) Crustal Bending
Q.20. What is Anticline?
(A) A valley which follows anticlinal axis
(B) A down folded in the strata of the earth crust
(C) An upfolded strata in the earth’s crust
(D) An embankment.
Q.21. The process by which soluble salts are removed from the horizon A of soil and washed downwards to the horizon B through the action of percolating rainwater is called
(B) Biotic Process
(D) Leaching Process
Q.22. Which process is also called as Onion Weathering?
(C) Floral Effects
Exfoliation is a process in which large flat or curved sheets of rock fracture and are detached from the outcrop due to pressure release: As erosion removes the overburden from a rock that formed at high pressure deep in the Earth´s crust, it allows the rock to expand, thus resulting in cracks and fractures along sheet joints parallel to the erosion surface.
Q.23. Chemical weathering is more pronounced in:
(A) Hot and humid climate
(B) Hot and Dry climate
(C) Cold and humid climate
(D) Cold and dry climate
Q.24. The main cause of mass movement is
(A) Glacial movement
(B) Gravity movement
(C) Stream flow
(D) Seepage of water
Q.25. The process of removal of rocks from the earth surface is known as:
Denudation involves the processes that cause the wearing away of the Earth’s surface by moving water, by ice, by wind, and by waves, leading to a reduction in elevation and in relief of landforms and of landscapes.