Geomorphology 200 Important MCQS Part 5 FOR NTA UGC NET

Geomorphology 200 Important MCQS Part 5 FOR NTA UGC NET


(PDF) For download pdf file of GEOMORPHOLOGY 200MCQS – – go to the bottom of this post.

Q.101. Tibetan Plateau is an example of –

(A) Lava Plateau

(B) Dome Plateau

(C) Inter Montane Plateau

(D) Piedmount Plateau

Answer: C


Intermontane Plateaus

Intermontane plateaus are the highest plateau in the world and are bordered by mountains. An example of the Intermontane plateau is the Tibetan Plateau.


Lava or Volcanic Plateaus

Lava or Volcanic Plateaus are the types of plateaus that are formed due to volcanic eruptions. An example of a Lava or Volcanic plateau is Deccan Plateau.


Piedmont Plateaus

Piedmont Plateaus are the type of plateaus that are bordered by mountains on one side and by a plain or sea on another side. An example of Piedmont Plateaus is Piedmont of the Eastern United States.


Continental Plateaus

Continental Plateau is the types of plateaus which are bordered by mountains or sea on all its sides. An example of Continental Plateau is Antarctic Plateau in East Antarctica.


Q.102. The Hydraulic Slope Theory was given by

(A) C. Darwin

(B) A. Goudie

(C) R.E Horton

(D) C.A Cotton

Answer: C



Q.103. Running Water Landforms are also known as

(A) Aeolian Landforms

(B) Fluvial Landforms

(C) Colluvial Landforms

(D) Structural Landforms

Answer: B



Q.104. The limit of maximum downward erosion by a river is called

(A) Deeping of the valley

(B) Ground level of erosion

(C) Sea level of Erosion

(D) Base level of Erosion

Answer: D



Q.105. The erosive power of a river depends mostly upon its

(A) Speed and Depth

(B) Speed and Volume

(C) Gradient and Slope

(D) Slope and Density

Answer: B


The Erosive power of a river depends upon the speed of flow of the water, As the fast moving water can erode more soil compared to slow moving water. Apart from speed factor the erosive power of a river also depends upon gradient, volume of the water flowing in the river and quantity of the Erosive burden.


Q.106. Pot holes of much bigger size are called

(A) Plunge Pools

(B) Big Pot Holes

(C) Uvalas

(D) Canyon

Answer: A



Q.107. Which of the river is also known as yellow river?

(A) Yangtisiquang

(B) Sequang

(C) Hwang Ho

(D) Mississipi

Answer: C


The Yellow River is the second longest river in China and the cradle of Chinese civilization.

The Yellow River is known as the Huang in China. It is slow and sluggish along most of its course and some regard it as the world’s muddiest major river, discharging three times the sediment of the Mississippi River. It gets its name and color from the yellow silt it picks up in the Shaanxi Loess Plateau .

Q.108. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below


(Highest Waterfall)



A. Angel Falls 1. Zimbabwe
B. Yosemite Falls 2. Venezuela
C. Niagra Falls 3. USA
D. Victoria Falls 4. Ontario (Canada)


  A B C D
A. 2 3 4 1
B. 2 4 3 1
C. 2 4 3 1
D. 4 3 1 2


Answer: A


Angel Falls – Venezuela

Yosemite Falls – USA

Niagra Falls – Ontario (Canada)

Victoria Falls- Zambia & Zimbabwe border


Q.109. Which is the highest waterfall of the world?

(A) Angel Falls

(B) Yosemite Falls

(C) Victoria Falls

(D) Niagra Falls

Answer: A


  1. Angel Falls

Location: Venezuela 

Source/River: Churun River (a tributary of Orinoco River)

Approx. Height (Meters): 979

Q.110. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using codes given below:





A. Nile 1. Estuarine
B. Mississippi 2. Arcuate
C. Mackenzie 3. Bird foot
D. Tiber 4. Cuspate



  A B C D
A. 4 1 3 2
B. 2 3 4 1
C. 2 3 1 4
D. 2 3 4 1


Answer: C


Arcuate Delta: It is fan-shaped Delta. A bowed or curved Delta with the convex margin facing the body of water. Relatively coarse sediments are formed in this type of Delta. The river activity is balanced with the wind.

Example, the River Nile Delta in Egypt and the Ganges Delta in India.

Bird’s foot Delta: Named because it forms like a bird foot’s claw. This shape is created when the waves are weak and the river flow is stronger. They are formed due to deposition of finer materials by river water.

Such Delta is also called finger Delta.

Example, Mississippi river Delta, the USA.

Cuspate Deltas: It is formed where sediments are deposited onto a straight shoreline with strong waves. The waves push the sediments to spread outwardly creating the tooth-like shape.

Example, Tiber River of Italy.

Estuarine Delta: It is formed at the mouth of submerged rivers depositing down the sides of the estuary.

Example, the Seine River of France, the Deltas of Narmada and Tapi (formerly Tapti) rivers of India.

Q.111. Which of the following is the largest Delta of the world.

(A) Mississippi

(B) Ganga

(C) Nile

(D) Tiber

Answer: B


Ganges Delta, the world’s largest delta, in the south Asia area of Bangladesh (visible) and India. The delta plain, about 350-km wide along the Bay of Bengal, is formed by the confluence of the rivers Ganges, the Brahmaputra and Meghna.

Q.112. Which Delta is known as Sunderban Delta?

(A) Ganga Delta

(B) Kaveri Delta

(C) Narmada Delta

(D) Godavari Delta

Answer: A


The Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. It spans from the Hooghly River in India’s state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh. It comprises closed and open mangrove forests, land used for agricultural purpose, mudflats and barren land, and is intersected by multiple tidal streams and channels.

Q.113. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using codes given below:

List-I List-II
A. Longest River of the World 1. Kosi River
B. Largest River of the World 2. Damodar
C. Sorrow of China 3. Nile
D. Sorrow of Bihar 4. Hwang Hoo
E. Sorrow of Bengal 5. Amazon



  A B C D E
A. 3 5 2 1 4
B. 3 5 1 4 2
C. 3 5 4 1 2
D. 5 3 4 1 2


Answer: C



Q.114. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using codes given below:





A. A Plain largely composed of recent alluvium 1. Pediplain
B. A deep sea plain 2. Loess Plain
C. A plain formed by wind action 3. Flood Plain
D. A Level surface covered with thin Layer of alluvium 4. Abyssal Plain




  A B C D
A. 1 2 4 3
B. 3 4 2 1
C. 3 4 1 2
D. 4 3 2 1


Answer: B



Q.115. The glacier covered greater part of the earth surface during the

(A) Cretaceous Period

(B) Pliocene Period

(C) Pleistocene Period

(D) Tertiary Period

Answer: C



Q.116. Which of the following arrangements of Pleistocene Ice age is in correct Chronological order

(A) Mindel-Wurm-Gunz- Riss

(B) Gunz – Mindel – Riss -Wurm

(C) Wurm – Mindel – Riss- Gunz

(D) Riss – Mindel – Wurm- Gunz

Answer: B



Q.117. The world largest Lambert Glacier is located in

(A) Himalayan

(B) Arctic

(C) Antarctica

(D) Siachen

Answer: C


The largest glacier in the world is the Lambert-Fisher Glacier in Antarctica. At 400 kilometers (250 miles) long, and up to 100 kilometers (60 miles) wide, this ice stream alone drains about 8 percent of the Antarctic Ice Sheet.






Q.118. The Paternoster lakes is associated with

(A) Fluvial Landform

(B) Glacier Landform

(C) Arid Landform

(D) Sea Waves Landform

Answer: B


Q.119. What is name given to cirque in Scotland?


(B) Botn

(C) Corrie

(D) Tarn

Answer: C


Corrie- Scotland

CWM- Wales

Botn – Norway

Kar  – Germany

Tarn –

Q.120. The Basket of egg topography is associated with

(A) Fluvial

(B) Glacier

(C) Arid

(D) Karst Landform

Answer: B


The term ‘basket of eggs’ topography refers to Drumlins which is a depositional landform formed by glaciers. They are forms of rounded hummocks resulting from the deposition of glacial till which look like inverted boat or spoon. They vary in size from a few metres to 60-100 metres in height and from a few hundred metres to one-two kilometres in length. When they occur in a cluster they look like a basket of eggs. Colonies of drumlins are found in Finland, Northern Island and Wisconsin, USA.

The up-glacier side of a drumlin is steep while the down-glacier side is gentle. They are formed parallel to the direction of ice movement.

Q.121. The concept of ‘Ice Age’ was given by

(A) Louis Agassize

(B) W. Penck

(C) W.D. Thornburg

(D) James Hutton

Answer: A


The origins of ice age theory began hundreds of years ago, when Europeans noted that glaciers in the Alps had shrunk, but its popularization is credited to 19th century Swiss geologist Louis Agassiz.

Q.122. The term Neve (Firn) in associated with

(A) Running Water

(B) Glacier

(C) Sea Waves

(D) Wind Action

Answer: B


Firn, (German: “of last year”, ) also called Névé, partially compacted granular snow that is the intermediate stage between snow and glacial ice. Firn is found under the snow that accumulates at the head of a glacier. It is formed under the pressure of overlying snow by the processes of compaction, recrystallization, localized melting, and the crushing of individual snowflakes. This process is thought to take a period of about one year. Annual layers of firn may often be detected by thin films of dust or ash that accumulate on the surface during each summer.

Q.123. What is Avalanche?

(A) Mass of glacier debris transported to the sea.

(B) Mass of rocks and mudflow and the force of gravity.

(C) A mass of snow and rocks moving down-slope under gravity.

(D) A depositional plain in an arid climate.

Answer: C


Q.124. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using codes:


(Theory of Cirque Formation)



A. Glacial Protection Theory 1. D.W. Johson
B. Glacial Erosion Theory 2. Lewis
C. Theory of Bergschrund 3. W.H. Hobbs
D. Meltwater and Rainwater Theory 4. Garwood



  A B C D
A. 4 3 1 2
B. 4 3 2 1
C. 2 1 3 4
D. 3 4 1 2


Answer: A



Q.125. The rocks having broad upper part and narrow base resembling an umbrella is called

(A) Inselbergs

(B) Demoiselles

(C) Mushroom Rocks

(D) Yardages

Answer: C



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