# Logical Reasoning 120 PYQS PART 6 FOR NTA UGC NET SET SLET

Logical Reasoning 120 PYQS PART 6 FOR NTA UGC NET SET SLET

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CBSE UGC NET JULY 2018

Q.101. Which one among the following is a presupposition in inductive reasoning?

(1) Law of identity

(2) Unchangeability in nature

(3) Harmony in nature

(4) Uniformity of nature

Q.102. If the proposition ‘domestic animals are hardly ferocious’ is taken to be false, which of the following proposition/propositions can be claimed to be certainly true? Select the correct code:

Propositions:

(a) All domestic animals are ferocious.

(b) Most of the domestic animals are ferocious.

(c) No domestic animal is ferocious.

(d) Some domestic animals are non-ferocious.

Code:

(1) (a) and (b)

(2) (a) only

(3) (c) and (d)

(4) (b) only

Q.103. Which one of the following statements is not correct in the context of Venn diagram method?

(1) It is a method of testing the validity of arguments.

(2) It represents both the premises of a syllogism in one diagram.

(3) It requires two overlapping circles for the two premises of a standard-form categorical syllogism.

(4) It can be used to represent classes as well as propositions.

NTA UGC NET DEC 2018

Q.104. Given below is a statement followed by three assumptions made from it. Which assumptions are implicit in the context of the given statement? Select the correct answer from the side given below.

Statement: Smoking is injurious to health A warning printed on the cigarette packets

Assumptions: (a) People read printed matter on a cigarette packet.

(b) People make careful note of a warning.

(c) None-smoking promotes health.

Code:

1. Only (a) and (b)
2. Only (a)
3. Only (b) and (c)
4. Only (b)

Q.105. Given below are two premises with four conclusions drawn from them (taken singly or given below together). Which conclusions are validly drawn? Select the correct answer from the code given below.

Premises:         (i) All politicians are honest persons.

(ii)  All honest persons are fair

Conclusions:    (a) Some honest persons are politicians

(b) No honest person is politicians

(c) Some fair persons are politicians

(d) All fair persons are politics

Code:

1. (b) and (d) only
2. (a), (b) and (d) only
3. (b) and (c) only
4. (a) and (c) only

NTA UGC NET June 2019

Logical Reasoning

Q.106. When subject and predicate of both the premises are the same but they differ in quality only, it is known as

(2) Contraries

(3) Subaltern

(4) Super altern

Q.107. If proposition ‘All republics are grateful’ is taken to be true then which of the following propositions can be false?

(i) Republics are not grateful

(ii) Some republics are not grateful

(iii) No republics are grateful

(iv) Some republics are grateful

Select the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (i) only

(2) (ii) only

(3) (i). (ii) and (iii)

(4) (ii) and (iii)

Q.108. The proposition ‘No red is black is equivalent to which of the following propositions?

(i) No black is red

(ii) All red are black

(iii) Some red are not black

(iv) Red is not black

Select the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (i), (ii). (iii) and (iv)

(2) (iii) only

(3) (1) and (iv)

(4) (iv) only

Q.109. Given below are two premises with four conclusions drawn from them.

Which of the following conclusions could be validly drawn from the premises?

Premises:

(i) Some bags are tables

(ii) All bags are chairs.

Conclusions:

(a) Some tables are chairs

(b) No chair is table

(c) Some chairs are bags

(d) Some bags are not tables

Select the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (a) and (c)

(2) (b), (c) and (d)

(3) (a) and (d)

(4) (b) only

Q.110. Identify the reasoning in the following argument: Pre-active stage of classroom teaching is important just as pre-learning preparation stage of communication’

(1) Hypothetical

(2) Deductive

(3) Inductive

(4) Analogical

NTA UGC NET JUNE 2020

Q.111. “Some teachers are not sincere” is an example of which category of proposition?

1. Universal negative
2. Universal affirmative
3. Particular affirmative
4. Particular negative

Q.112. Which one of the following is not a sense-organ according to classical Indian school of logic?

1. Manas
2. Savikalpaka
3. Caksuh
4. Srotra

Q.113. Which of the following is correct about the sentence, “Some men are not married”?

1. The subject is distributed
2. The predicate is distributed
3. Both subject and predicate are distributed
4. Neither subject or predicate is distributed

Q.114. “Have you stopped telling lies?”

This type of question commits which kind of fallacy?

1. Fallacy of Complex Question
2. Fallacy of Ambiguity
3. Fallacy of Equivocation
4. Fallacy of Accident

Q.115. “Planets are big. Therefore, the atoms from which they are made are big”. This inference commits which kind of fallacy?

1. Fallacy of Division
2. Fallacy of Ambiguity
3. Fallacy of Equivocation

NTA UG CNET DEC 2019

Logical Reasoning

Q.116. The distinction between laukika and alaukia is made with reference to which one of the following pramanas?

1. Anumana (Inference)
2. Upamana (Comparison)
3. Pratyaksa (Perception)
4. Sabda (Verbal testimony)

1. 117. ‘Some students are sincere’ is an example of which preposition?
2. Universal Affirmative
3. Universal Negation
4. Particular Affirmative
5. Particular Negation

Q.118.  ‘ All students cleared their examination’ and ‘Few students did not clear their examination’.

This is an instance of…………

2. Superaltern
3. Subaltern
4. Contraries

Q.119. “Everyone is going to the party. You should go too.” This inference commits which kind of fallacy?

2. Equivocation

Q.120. Product of two consecutive integers is divisible by 2. Therefore 4 × 5 (=20) is divisible by 2.  This is an example of which type of Reasoning?

1. Abductive
2. Information
3. Inductive
4. Deductive

NTA UGC NET June 2020

Q.121. “Some teachers are not sincere” is an example of which category of proposition?

1. Universal negative
2. Universal affirmative
3. Particular affirmative
4. Particular negative

Q.122. Which of the following is correct about the sentence, “Some men are not married”?

1. The subject is distributed
2. The predicate is distributed
3. Both subject and predicate are distributed
4. Neither subject or predicate is distributed

Q.123. “Have you stopped telling lies?”

This type of question commits which kind of fallacy?

1. Fallacy of Complex Question
2. Fallacy of Ambiguity
3. Fallacy of Equivocation
4. Fallacy of Accident

Q.124. “Planets are big. Therefore, the atoms from which they are made are big”. This inference commits which kind of fallacy?

1. Fallacy of Division
2. Fallacy of Ambiguity
3. Fallacy of Equivocation