Part 4 of 100 PYQS from Theories & Models in Geography for UGC NET
100 PYQS OF MODELS AND THEORIES FOR UGC NET EXAM, THEORIES AND MODELS IN GEOGRAPHY NOTES, MODEL IN GEOGRAPHY STUDY MATERIAL, THEORIES AND MODELS PYQS,
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CBSE UGC NET July 2018
Q.43. Which one of the following code is correctly depicting the pattern of distribution of population among cities by ‘d’ curve in the given graph?
(2 Stepped order
(4) Rank Size Rule
Q.44. Which one of the following statements indicates to the potential use of a service at a location according to Gravity Model?
(1) Direct relationship to both population size and distance
(2) Inverse relationship to both population size and distance
(3) Direct relationship to both population size and inverse relationship to distance
(4) Direct relationship to distance and inverse relationship to population
Q.45. Among the following scholars, who introduced the concept of ‘Least-Transport-Cost Location’ using the frame of ‘Location triangle’?
(2) M.K Bandman
(3) D.M. Smith
(4) A. Weber
Q.46. Which one of the following conditions Alfred Weber introduced in his concept of ‘Locational Triangle’?
(1) Both ‘R1’ and ‘R2’ are found universally
(2) ‘R1’ is fixed but ‘R2’ is found everywhere and both are pure
(3) Both ‘R1’ and R2 are fixed and pure
(4) Both ‘R1’ and ‘R2’ are fixed and gross
(Where: ‘R1’ and ‘R2’ are two raw materials)
Pure Raw Material:
If the weight of raw material remains the same even after processing, it is called Pure Raw Material
Gross Raw Material:
If the weight of raw material is reduced in weight after processing, it is called Gross Raw Material.
4 Possible Locations with a triangular set up (In case of 2 Raw Material (RM)
(i) If RM1 is Pure & Fixed, RM2 is Gross & Fixed & 3 points (RM1, RM2 & market) are equidistant from each other – Industry can be located either at the market or at RM2.
(ii) If RM1 is Gross & Ubiquitous, RM2 is Gross & Fixed – Industry will be located at RM2.
(iii) If RM1 is Gross & Fixed and RM2 is also Gross & Fixed– Industry will be located at Central/Middle Point.
(iv) If RM1 is Pure & Fixed and RM2 is Pure & Fixed- Industry will be located at closer to market.
Q.47. The Rimmer model for the development of land transport system in less developed economics was proposed in which of the following years?
4 Models of Transport Development:
- Taaffe, Morrill and Gould (TMG) Model- 1963
- Gould’s Spatial Exploration Model – 1966
- The Vance Model- 1970
- The Rimmer Model- 1977
CBSE UGC NET November 2017
Q.48. Which one of the following statements is very correct in context of the concept of Growth pole and growth centres?
(1) Both the Growth pole and Growth centres are uniformly distanced in the region.
(2) Lower order Growth centers are located quite far away as compared to higher order Growth centres.
(3) Higher order Growth centres are located far away while lower order Growth centres are located closer to one and another.
(4) There does not exist any rule in the distance between Growth pole and Growth centres.
Q.49. Which one of the following principles denotes K-4 of Christaller’s Model of central places?
Q.50. Which one of the following was not assured by weber in his least-cost theory?
(1) Agglomeration economies lead to high transport and labour cost
(2) Labour is infinitely available
(3) Location with high transport costs may be attractive because of a cheap labour supply
(4) Transport costs were uniform by distance and weight in any direction
Agglomeration economies can lead to decreased the transport and labor costs and weber also talked about tendency to agglomerate.
- Man is economic and rational
- Isotropic surface(i.e., climate, soil fertility, physiography, etc are homogeneous with no variability)
- uniformity and stability in the socio-economic and political environment
- Demand is uniform in the market
- Transportation cost is directly proportional to / the product of – Distance, Weight & Volume
- Price of industrial products in the market is uniform
- The labour is static and wages are uniform in the region
- There is a single mode of transportation with equal connectivity everywhere
Q.51. Which one of the following is not included in the Ravenstein’s Laws of migration?
(1) Most migrants proceeds step by step
(2) Most migrants go for short distance
(3) Most migrants move from Urban to Rural area
(4) Most migrant are adults
Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration: (1885)
First laws of migration.
- The Majority of Migrants go only Short distance (Distance Decay Model)
- Migration Proceeds Step by Step
- Migration going long distances generally go by Preference to one of the great centres of commerce or industry
- Each current of Migration produces a counter-current of lesser strength.
- The natives of towns are less migratory than those of rural areas.
- Females migrates more frequently than males within the country of birth, but males frequently venture beyond.
- Most migrants are adults; families rarely migrates out of their country of birth
- Large towns grow more by migration than by natural increase.
- The main cause of migration are Economic
Q.52. Which ONE of the following is not in conformity with the central place theory?
(1) Central place is a settlement providing services for the population of its hinterland.
(2) Hierarchy and nesting pattern results in maximum number of central places
(3) Ubiquities and localized raw materials
(4) Market areas for different goods resemble nets of hexagons
Q.53. Match List-I with List–II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:
- Material index
- Labour Co-efficient
- ratio of the labour cost per unit of product to the locational weight of that unit
- Advantage of production due to the concentration of industry
- Weight of localized material and the weight of the product
- Lines of equal transport costs per tonne
I II III IV
- C D A B
- D C B A
- D B C A
4. B D A C
Q.54. The gravity principle in identification of nodal regions states that the interaction between two geographical points is directly related to their
(3) Size of settlement
(4) Mode of transport
Q.55. Which one of the following letters represent the total number of settlements of a certain order served by a central place of the next higher order?
Q.56. The rule “size of population of nth ranking town in a region will be 1/nth of the largest city in terms of population’’ was given by:
- Mark Jefferson
- J. Gattman
- G. K Zipf
- C. D Harris and E. L Ullman
RanK-Size Rule by G.K.Zipf
The rank – size rule, proposed by G.K. Zipf in 1949
The population of urban settlements in a region can be arranged in the series of 1, 1/2/ 1/3, 1/4, …………. 1/n.
This regularity can also be expressed by the formula: Pn= P1/n
Q.57. Who among the following is credited with incorporation of concept of geographical space in the Growth Pole Theory?