REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY 60 IMPORTANT MCQS PART 1 FOR NTA UGC NET
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Q.1. Who is regarded as the Father of Regional Science
(A) Walter Isard
(B) Lewis Mumford
(C) C. Geddes
(D) Ebenzer Howard
Book- Introduction to regional science by Walter Isard.
He gave Principle Component analysis and factor analysis concept.
Q.2. The main thrust of regional planning is
(A) to initiate economic growth
(B) to have industrial expansion
(C) to remove areal disparity
(D) to increase per capita income
Q.3. Regional Imbalances of economic development largely affected by which of the following factors
(A) Lack of Education
(B) Lesser resource utilization
(C) Lesser demand of the people
(D) Regional disparity in resources
Q.4. To study regional imbalances and regional disparities in India, which one of the following methods was applied
(A) Composite Index
(B) Un-weighted Ranks
(C) Principal Component Analysis
(D) Input-Output Analysis
PCA (Principal Component Analysis), one of the regionalization approach to examine inter regional disparity and to identify the backward regions.
Q.5. Which one of the following factors does not determine the kinds and amount of economic activity in the region
(A) Cost of Transportation
(B) Inequality of Income
(C) Technology of Production
(D) Demand Side of Equation
Q.6. The surveys that are conducted to identify deteriorated or deficient area in development are termed as
(A) Diagnostic Surveys
(B) Structural Surveys
(C) Environmental Quality Surveys
(D) Socio-Economic Surveys
Q.7. The gravity principle in identification of nodal regions states that the interaction between two geographic points is directly related to (JUNE 2014)
(A) Their Masses
(B) Their Distance
(C) Their Mode of Transport
(D) Their Size of Settlement
The gravity principle in identification of nodal regions states that the interaction between two geographic points is directly related to their masses and inversely related to distance.
Q.8. Which one of the following dimensions would you consider as indicators of development and composite indices for measurement of regional disparity and inclusive growth in India?
(A) Density and Growth of population social composition and worker’s activity
(B) Contributions of Agriculture, industry and services
(C) Demographic Characteristics, fertility, mortality and migration
(D) Economic development, basic amenities and social development
Q.9. The planning commission of India was set up in the year
Formed: 15 March 1950
Dissolved: 17 Aug 2014
Present Institute : NITI Aayog
Formed: 1 January 2015;
Q.10. Which one of the following regions has been classified as the western dry region by the planning commission
(A) North Bihar Dry Region
(B) NEFA Region
(C) Rajasthan Dry Regions
(D) West Bengal Duars
Q.11. The Community Development Programme (CDP) was initiated in the year
(A) 22 October, 1950
(B) 2 October, 1952
(C) 2 October, 1954
(D) 2 October. 1956
The Community Development Programme (CDP) was the first major rural development programme launched after independence in 2nd October 1952.
It constitutes the first organised effort at rural reconstruction. The CDP was conceived as an instrument to transform the social and economic life of the village community as a whole cutting across caste, religious and economic differences.
Q.12. The Community Development Programme was initiated primarily to-
(A) bring in development among the people by raising the literacy level
(B) increase the control of the masses over the locally available resources
(C) bring out development of urban facilities
(D) increase the levels of overall development of the villages through self-help.
Q.13. Who is census of India applied the ternary diagram for the functional classification of towns in India?
(A) Rao and Sundaram
(B) Ashok Mitra
(C) A.R. Nanda
Ashok Mitra, a former Registrar General of the Census of India, attempted a comprehensive classification of all Indian Cities. Ashok Mitra used seven categories of workers as variables grouped into three major functional type i.e. manufacturing, trade & transport and services.
Q.14. Who authored the book entitled growth pole and growth centre for regional economics development in India?
(A) Sen and Wanmali
(B) Sadasyuk and Sengupta
(C) Mishra, Rao and Sundaram
(D) Rao and Sundaram
Growth Centre Concept – Boudeville
Growth Pole Concept- Perroux
Q.15. A functional region is delineated on the basis of
(B) Physical Divisions
(C) Administrative Boundaries
(D) Field of Interactions
A region is an area on the earth’s surface marked by certain properties that are homogeneous inside and distinct from outside it.
A Region is defined as a part of the Earth’s surface with one or many similar characteristics that make it unique from other areas. Regional geography studies the specific unique characteristics of places related to their culture, economy, topography, climate, politics, and environmental factors such as their different species of flora and fauna.
Characteristics of Region
The major Characteristics of the regions are-
- A region is an area of a specific location.
- Distinctiveness: Every region is a distinct geographical area;
- Homogeneity: Homogeneity in one ore more geographical element within the boundary;
- Heterogeneity: Heterogeneity in those elements towards its regional boundaries;
- Dynamic/ Changing character: A region has dynamic character because its features where change during times; whether it is physical or human elements, single or multiple feature elements or functional or planning regions; geographical features where dynamics;
- Hierarchy: Every region has some kind of hierarchical arrangement.
- Dynamic Scale: A region can be different in scale according to its shape and size.
- Problematic: Every region have similar problems within its boundary;
- Purposive: A region is delineated for specific proposes.
- Resourceful: A region should be resourceful or have some specific resources so that they were utilized in the planning process.
Two Types of Region: Formal & Functional Regions
A formal region is a geographical region that is homogeneous and uniform within a specified criterion. This specified criterion could be physical, social, or political. Example – Himalayan Region, Sub-Tropical Region, etc.
A functional region that displays a certain functional coherence, an interdependence of parts when defined on the basis of certain criteria is known as a functional region.
A functional region, also known as a nodal region, organized around a node or focal point. It is sometimes referred as a polarized region and is composed of heterogeneous units such as cities, towns & villages which are functionally inter-related. Example – National Capital Region.
There are two techniques for delineation of formal regions are detailed below:
1.Weighted Index Number Methods
2.Factor Analysis Method
There are two methods popular in Functional Region Delineation
2.Gravitational Analysis Method