# GEOGRAPHY PYQS DEC 2020 JUNE 2021 SHIFT 1 PART 5 (81-100) NTA UGC NET

Geography PYQS DEC 2020 June 2021, PYQS UGC NET SHIFT I GEOGRAPHY, UGC NET PREVIOUS YEARS QUESTIONS PAPER, Geography Old papers NTA UGC NET, Part 5 (81-100) PYQS JUNE 2021, DEC 2020 UGC NET GEOGRAPHY PYQS, GEOGRAPHY PYQS DEC 2020 JUNE 2021, SHIFT 1 GEOGRAPHY PYQS 2021

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Q.81. In four stages of demographic transition theory, the stage in which birth rate continues to be high but death rate declines rapidly, is:

(1) Stage 4

(2) Stage 1

(3) Stage 2

(4) Stage 3

Explanation:

Demographic Transition Theory

Given by- WS Thompson in 1929 and revised by Frank Notestein in 1945

Based on – fertility, mortality and consequent change in population

five stages in demographic transition theory

1. Stage I- High birth and high death rate
2. Stage II- High birth rate and low death rate
3. Stage III- Declining Birth rate and stable death rate
4. Stage IV – Low Birth rate and Low death rate
5. Stage V- Very low birth & Low death rates.

Q.82. Which one of the following is not a process of cultural change?

(1) Acculturation

(2) Diffusion

(3) Innovation

(4) Segregation

Explanation:

Process or mechanism of cultural change is-

• Acculturation
• Diffusion
• Innovation

Q.83. Which one of the following are methods of load movement of sediment transportation in Ocean?

(A) Traction

(B) Saltation

(C) Turbulent flow

(D) Flocculate

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) only

(2) (A), and (B) only

(3) (A), (B) and (C) only

(4) (B), (C) and (D) only

Explanation:

• The primary process of sediment transport happens in four different ways: traction, saltation, suspension, and solution.
• Flocculation, in the field of chemistry, is a process by which colloidal particles come out of suspension to sediment under the form of floc or flake, either spontaneously or due to the addition of a clarifying agent.

Q.84. Consider the statements about currents in Indian Ocean

(A) North of equator, the formation of ocean currents is not influenced by the changing nature of the monsoon wind system

(B) Somali current is the warm current of Indian Ocean

(C) Somali current is the cold current of Indian Ocean

(D) Peru current in a cold current of Indian Ocean

(E) North-Equatorial current of Indian ocean disappears in the month of August and September

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (C) and (E) only

(3) (B) and (C) only

(4) (D) and (E) only

Explanation:

Q.85. Geography in 17 volumes was authored by:

(1) Ptolemy

(2) Ritter

(3) Strabo

(4) Aristotle

Explanation:

Strabo:

Q.86. Read the statements carefully and find out the incorrect one, associated with GIS

(A) Data from several sources is integrated in consistent form

(B) What if scenarios can be visualised

(C) In vector-database. map data is stored using a matrix of grid cells

(D) Attribute data are descriptive data of features

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) only

(2) (B) only

(3) (C) only

(4) (D) only

Explanation:

Vector Data are in the form of point, line and polygon that are recorded

Q.87. Identify the cryogenic indicators of paleoclimates:

(A) Evaporite deposites

(B) Ice cores

(C) Duricrusts

(D) Varves

(E) Ice sheets

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (E) only

(3) (A) and (C) only

(4) (C) and (D) only

Explanation:

Cryogenics is the science that addresses the production and effects of very low temperatures. The word originates from the Greek words ‘kryos’ meaning “frost” and ‘genic’ meaning “to produce.” Under such a definition it could be used to include all temperatures below the freezing point of water (0 C).

Q.88. Identify the terrestrial disasters

(A) Cold wave

(B) Seismic

(C) Collision of meteors with the earth

(D) Tsunami

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (C) only

(3) (C) and (D) only

(4) (B) and (D) only

Explanation:

Q.89. Match List I with List II

List I

Whitlesey’s Agricultural region

(A) Commercial dairy farming

(B) Commercial grain farming

(D) Commercial plantation

List II

Name of country

(I) Mongolia

(II) Sri lanka

(III) New Zealand

(IV) Argentina

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)        I           II         III        IV

(2)        II         III        IV        I

(3)        III        IV        I           II

(4)        IV        III        II         I

Explanation:

Classification given in 1936 and 13 types

Q.90. Indian States are arranged in ascending order on the basis of road length (2017)

(B) Karnataka

(C) Maharashtra

(D) Gujarat

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (C), (B), (A), (D)

(2) (A), (B), (C), (D)

(3) (B), (C), (D), (A)

(4) (D), (B), (A), (C)

Explanation:

The length of the road included all the national highways, state highways, district roads, rural roads, urban roads, and project roads with a percent share of different types of highways.

• Maharashtra 623972 km (2017)
• Karnataka 361041 km (2017)
• Tamil Nadu 261436 km (2017)
• Gujrat 180927 km (2017)
 STATEs/UTS Total Road Length(in km) 1. Andhra Pradesh 176474 2. Arunachal Pradesh 37025 3. Assam 337777 4. Bihar 209549 5. Chhattisgarh 97845 6. Goa 16659 7. Gujarat 180927 8. Haryana 81386 9. Himachal Pradesh 62812 10. Jammu And Kashmir 63386 11. Jharkhand 361041 12. Karnataka 361041 13. Kerala 240562 14. Madhya Pradesh 342654 15. Maharashtra 623972 16. Manipur 27612 17. Meghalaya 22939 18. Mizoram 11012 19. Nagaland 36239 20. Odisha 303669 21. Punjab 139492 22. Rajasthan 265599 23. Sikkim 11386 24. Tamil Nadu 261436 25. Telangana 126135 26. Tripura 42925 27. Uttarakhand 69777 28. Uttar Pradesh 428055 29. West Bengal 322067 30. A & N Islands 1617 31. Chandigarh 2821 32. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1187 33. Daman & Diu 426 34. Delhi 17882 35. Lakshadweep 212 36. Puducherry 3242 Total 4997671

State/UT-wise, Total Length of Roads in India as on 31.03.2017

TABLE:

Answer the following questions on the basis of above table (91-95)

Q.91. What percent of stations recorded temperature between 30°C to 70°C

(1) 40

(2) 54

(3) 62

(4) 64

Explanation:

Total Number of Stations = 25

Number of stations Between 30°C to 70°C= 16

25 Stations Recorded Temperature of 100%

So 16 Stations recorded temperature of 100*16/25 = 64%

Q.92. Which one of the following is the median of the above data?

(1) 45°C

(2) 35°C

(3) 55°C

(4) 40°C

Explanation:

 SL No Temperature °C / Class Limit No of Stations (f) c.f 1 0-10 1 1 2 10-20 2 3 3 20-30 3 6 4 30-40 4 10 5 40-50 5 15 6 50-60 4 19 7 60-70 3 22 8 70-80 2 24 9 80-90 1 25 N=25

Q.93. The Third Quartile (Q3) of the distribution is:

(1) 45°C

(2) 49.375 °C

(3) 45.5°C

(4) 59.375 °C

Explanation:

 SL No Temperature °C / Class Limit No of Stations (f) c.f 1 0-10 1 1 2 10-20 2 3 3 20-30 3 6 4 30-40 4 10 5 40-50 5 15 6 50-60 4 19 7 60-70 3 22 8 70-80 2 24 9 80-90 1 25 N=25

Q.94. The number of stations that recorded temperature less than 40°C:

(1) 3

(2) 9

(3) 10

(4) 5

Explanation:

Q.95. The average temperature in the region is:

(1) 40°C

(2) 45°C

(3) 50°C

(4) 55°C

Explanation:

 SL No Temperature °C / Class Limit No of Stations (f) Mid-value (x) fx 1 0-10 1 5 5 2 10-20 2 15 30 3 20-30 3 25 75 4 30-40 4 35 140 5 40-50 5 45 225 6 50-60 4 55 220 7 60-70 3 65 195 8 70-80 2 75 150 9 80-90 1 85 85 N=25 Σfx=1125

Geography as a discipline is focused on understanding the relationship between Man and Nature. It is built on experiences of successive generations. The history of geography is basically concerned with the development of human consciousness about the possibilities and limitations that nature offers for human growth. The word geography was first used by the Greek scholar Eratosthenes in the third century. Hartshorne said that Geography provides rational description of the earths surface above and below depending on the progress in technology. The study of man is the realm of humanities,whereas science focused on the study of nature. Geography studies them simultaneously.

However, geography as a university level discipline started only in the nineteenth century. Humboldt and Ritter demonstrated the usefulness of Geography as an universal science After this period many scholars like Ratzel and Richtofen in Germany, Blache and Reclus in France projected it as an integrated study. Man. Nature relationship, hormony with nature led to concepts of Determination and possibilism, however Kant tried to address this confusion to a certain extent. With the emergence of different schools of thought Dualism and Dichotomies in Geography like general versus regional-physical versus Human-Historical versus Contemporary-Nodal versus regional concepts developed; and prevailed. The advent of quantitative revolution had further diversified the discipline. Paradigm systems approach and models in geography became significant aspects of modern geographic thought. Paradigm proposed by Kuhn had references on areal differentiation, exceptionalism. spatial analysis Models in Geography made significant progress. Modern Themes in Geographic thought like positivism, pragmatism, functionalism etc work introduced.

Answer the following questions on the basis of above Passage: (96-100)

Q.96. The usefulness of Geography as an Universal Science was demonstrated by

(1) Eratosthenes and Strabo

(2) Hecataeus and Hipparchus

(3) Humboldt and Ritter

(4) Aristotle and Eratosthenes

Explanation:

Q.97. The concepts of Determinism and positivism emerged as a result of integrated Hinduism by

(1) Greek and Roman

(2) Greek and Arabs

(3) Roman and Arab

(4) German and French

Explanation:

Q.98. Who were the first to use the word Geography?

(1) Arabs

(2) Roman

(3) Greeks

(4) Chinese

Explanation:

Q.99. Which of the following is the recent development in Geographic studies?

(1) Regional geography

(2) Astronomy

(3) Determination

(4) Positivism

Explanation:

Q.100. Which major development in Geographic studies during the recent period changed the direction in its growth?

(2) System Approach

(3) Quantitative Revolution

(4) Models

Explanation: