GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT PYQS DEC 2020 JUNE 2021 NTA UGC NET

GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT PYQS DEC 2020 JUNE 2021 NTA UGC NET

GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT PYQS DEC 2020 JUNE 2021 NTA UGC NET, GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT NTA UGC NET DEC 2020, GEO8RAPHICAL THOUGHT PYQS UGC NET JUNE 2021, GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT PYQS DEC 2020 NTA UGC NET PYQS GEOGRAPHY, GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT PYQS UGC NET, GEOGRAPHY PYQS UGC NET, 

(PDF) For download PDF file of 2021 UGC NET – go to the bottom of this post.

CLICK HERETO ATTEMPT MOCK TEST 

Q.1. Advocates of Humanistic geography among the following are: (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Harris

(B) Blache

(C) Guelke

(D) Ratzel

(E) Ley and Samuels

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (B), (C) and (D) only

(2) (A), (B) and (C) only

(3) (A), (C) and (E) only

(4) (C) and (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.2. Stop and Go determinism was propounded by (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) F. Ratzel

(2) G. Taylor

(3) A.V. Humboldt

(4) J. Brunhes

Answer: 2

 

Q.3. Who among the following developed the concept of “Mental Map”? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) P. Gould, H. White and Lynch

(2) Humboldt, Ritter and Paschel

(3) Semple and Huntington

(4) Boulding and Hagerstrand

Answer: 1

 

Q.4. Which one of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the German School of Geographers? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) F.V. Richthofen- F. Ratzel- Alfred Hettner- Oscar Paschel

(B) F. Ratzel- Oscar Paschel- F.V. Richthofen- Alfred Hettner

(C) Alfred Hettner- Oscar Paschel- F.V. Richthofen- F. Ratzel

(D) Oscar Pechel- F.V. Richthofen- F. Ratzel- Alfred Hettner

(E) F, N Richthofen – Alfred Hettner- F. Ratzel- Oscar Paschel

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (D)

(2) (C) and (D)

(3) (A) and (B)

(4) (D) only

Answer: 4

 

Q.5. Which of the following in the correct sequence in the development of geographic thought? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Greeks, Roman, Arabs, Dark Ages

(B) Greeks, Roman, Dark Ages, Arabs

(C) Roman Greeks, Arabs, Dark Ages

(D) Arabs, Greeks. Roman, Dark Ages

(E) Greeks, Dark ages. Roman, Arabs

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

(1) (B)

(2) (A)

(3) (C)

(4) (E)

Answer: 2

 

Q.6. Match List I and List II: (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

List I

Proponent

(A) Gibson

(B) Guelke

(C) Peet

(D) Wright and Kirk

List II

Philosophy of Geography

(I) Idealism

(II) Realism

(III) Behaviourism

(IV) Radicalism

Codes:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(A)       III        II         I           IV

(B)       IV        III        II         I

(C)       II         I           IV        III

(D)       I           III        IV        II

Answer: 3

 

Q.7. Who among the following geographers, focused on man centered Geography? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Davis and Sample

(B) Huntington and Blache

(C) Gefferron and Humboldt

(D) Blache and Reclus

(E) Guelke and Jean Brunhes

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (D) only

(3) (D) and (E) only

(4) (A) and (D) only

Answer: 3

 

Q.8. Geography in 17 volumes was authored by: (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Ptolemy

(2) Ritter

(3) Strabo

(4) Aristotle

Answer: 3

Passage:

Geography as a discipline is focused on understanding the relationship between Man and Nature. It is built on experiences of successive generations. The history of geography is basically concerned with the development of human consciousness about the possibilities and limitations that nature offers for human growth. The word geography was first used by the Greek scholar Eratosthenes in the third century. Hartshorne said that Geography provides rational description of the earths surface above and below depending on the progress in technology. The study of man is the realm of humanities, whereas science focused on the study of nature. Geography studies them simultaneously.

However, geography as a university level discipline started only in the nineteenth century. Humboldt and Ritter demonstrated the usefulness of Geography as an universal science After this period many scholars like Ratzel and Richtofen in Germany, Blache and Reclus in France projected it as an integrated study. Man. Nature relationship, hormony with nature led to concepts of Determination and possibilism, however Kant tried to address this confusion to a certain extent. With the emergence of different schools of thought Dualism and Dichotomies in Geography like general versus regional-physical versus Human-Historical versus Contemporary-Nodal versus regional concepts developed; and prevailed. The advent of quantitative revolution had further diversified the discipline. Paradigm systems approach and models in geography became significant aspects of modern geographic thought. Paradigm proposed by Kuhn had references on areal differentiation, exceptionalism. spatial analysis Models in Geography made significant progress. Modern Themes in Geographic thought like positivism, pragmatism, functionalism etc work introduced.

Answer the following questions on the basis of above Passage: (9-13)

Q.9. The usefulness of Geography as an Universal Science was demonstrated by (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Eratosthenes and Strabo

(2) Hecataeus and Hipparchus

(3) Humboldt and Ritter

(4) Aristotle and Eratosthenes

Answer: 3

 

Q.10. The concepts of Determinism and positivism emerged as a result of integrated Hinduism by (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Greek and Roman

(2) Greek and Arabs

(3) Roman and Arab

(4) German and French

Answer: 4

 

Q.11. Who were the first to use the word Geography? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Arabs

(2) Roman

(3) Greeks

(4) Chinese

Answer: 3

 

Q.12. Which of the following is the recent development in Geographic studies? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Regional geography

(2) Astronomy

(3) Determination

(4) Positivism

Answer: 4

 

Q.13. Which major development in Geographic studies during the recent period changed the direction in its growth? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Paradigm

(2) System Approach

(3) Quantitative Revolution

(4) Models

Answer: 3

 

Q.14. Who among the following challenged the theory of origin of species? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) P.E. James

(2) De Varies

(3) H. Robinson

(4) K.K. Park

Answer: 2

 

Q.15. Who among the following described geography as the science of map making? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Thales of Miletus

(2) Strabo

(3) Hecataeus

(4) Cladius Ptolemy

Answer: 4

 

Q.16. Which one of the following in the correct sequence in the Development of German school of thought? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Ratzel –Paschal- Hettner-Troll

(B) Paschal-Ratzel-Hettner-Troll

(C) Ratzel-Troll- Paschal- Hettner

(D)) Troll-Panchal-Hettner -Troll

(E) Hettner -Paschal –Troll- Ratzel

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A)

(2) (B)

(3) (C)

(4) (D)

Answer: 2

 

Q.17. Who among the following gave the idea of the origin of monsoon in India? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Al -Biruni

(2) Al- Masudi

(3) Ibn -Hakkal

(4) Ibn- Khaldun

Answer: 2

 

Q.18. Who among the following gave the concept of “Unity in Diversity”? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) A.V. Humboldt

(2)  Hettner

(3) C. Ritter

(4) O. Paschel

Answer: 3

 

Q.19. Who among the following were the believers of Environmental Determinism (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) C. Darwin

(B) Humboldt

(C) Ratzel

(D) Semple

(E) Blache

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (C), and (D) only

(2) (A), (B) and (E) only

(3) (A) and (B) only

(4) (A) and (E) only

Answer: 1

 

Q.20. Match List I with List II: (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

List I

Arab Geographer

(A) Al-Masudi

(B) Al-Idrisi

(C) Al-Biruni

(D) Ibn-Khaldun

List II

Books

(I) Kitab al Hind

(II) Muqaddimah

(III) Kitab Muruj-al-Dhahab

(IV) Tabula Rogeriana

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

            (A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)        III        IV        I           II

(2)        I           IV        III        II

(3)        II         III        IV        I

(4)        IV        I           II         III

Answer: 1

 

Q.21. Environmental determinism was criticised and opposed by (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Huntington on and Semple

(B) Vidal de la Blache and L. Febvre

(C) Humboldt and Ratzel

(D) Bitter and L. Febvre

(E) Blache and Reclus

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B) and (C) only

(3) (D) and (E) only

(4) (B) and (E) only

Answer: 4

 

Q.22. The term “Anthropogeographic” was coined by Ratzel in his work (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) Study of harmonious reciprocal relation of man and nature

(2) Geography of man in terms of individuals and races

(3) Geography of man and his work in relation to earth surface

(4) Organic theory of society and state
Answer: 1

 

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