# GEOGRAPHY OF TRANSPORT AND TRADE PYQS 2012 to 2021 NTA UGC NET

GEOGRAPHY OF TRANSPORT AND TRADE PYQS 2012 to 2021 NTA UGC NET

GEOGRAPHY OF TRANSPORT AND TRADE PYQS JUNE 2021 NTA UGC NET, TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY  NTA UGC NET DEC 2021, GEOGRAPHY OF TRADE PYQS UGC NET 2012 TO 2021, TRADE & TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY PYQS DEC 2020 JUNE 2021, NTA UGC NET PYQS GEOGRAPHY,  GEOGRAPHY OF TRANSPORT AND TRADE PYQS UGC NET, GEOGRAPHY PYQS UGC NET,

(PDF) For download PDF file of 2012 TO 2021 UGC NET – go to the bottom of this post.

Q.1. Who among the following developed the sequential expansion transport network model? (UGC NET 2012)

(A) De Souza and Porter

(B) Brown and Bracey

(C) Myrdal, Seers and Rostow

(D) Taaffe, Morrill and Gould

Q.2. In the transport network shown in the figure given below, which one of the locations has the maximum accessibility? (UGC NET JUNE 2013)

(A) a

(B) b

(C) c

(D) d

Q.3. Consider the following road network diagram of an area: (UGC NET JUNE 2014)

Following Road Network Diagram of an Area Select the correct connectivity matrix for the above network.

Q.4. Consider the following road network diagram of an area: Connectivity Matrix for Graph (UGC NET DEC 2015)

Select the correct connectivity matric for the above network:

Q.5. How many number of intersecting links between six nodes are shown in the given figure? Number of Intersecting Links between Six Nodes (UGC NET JULY 2016)

(1) 5

(2) 9

(3) 10

(4) 12

Q.6. Edward L. Ullman’s 1957 study on commodity flows to study spatial interaction and regional economic structure was based on economy of which country? (UGC NET JAN 2017)

(1) Europe

(2) U. S. A.

(3) U. K.

(4) Australia

Q.7. In describing the process of spatial interaction, geographers are most concerned with (UGC NET JAN 2017)

(1) Density and Dispersion

(2) Diffusion and Pattern

(3) Accessibility and Connectivity

(4) Pedestrian Cities

Q.8. From the transport network graph given below, select one of the following code to depict ‘Diameter Index’ Correctly. (UGC NET NOV 2017)

(1) 2

(2) 4

(3) 3

(4) 1

Q.9. Which one of the following code is correct showing number of vertices, edges, and diameter for the given network? (UGC NET JULY 2018)

Vertices  Edges  Diameter

(1)    10           7             5

(2)    10          10            7

(3)    10          5              6

(4)    10          8              7

Q.10. The Rimmer model for the development of land transport system in less developed economics was proposd in which of the following years? (UGC NET JULY 2018)

(1) 1975

(2) 1976

(3) 1977

(4) 1978

Q.11. Which one of the following transport networks depicts: Vertices 6, Edges 6, Diameter 3? (UGC NET DEC 2018)

(1) A

(2) C

(3) D

(4) B

Q.12. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct answer using the code given below  (UGC NET DEC 2018)

Assertion (A): Most transportation networks begin as branching networks

Reason (R): Because the first priority of the transport agencies that build them is generally to get all points connected

Code:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(4) Both (A) and (R) are true, but R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

Q.13. From the given transport graph, calculate ‘Beta-Index’: (NTA UGC NET JUNE 2019)

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(1)  1.5

(2) 3.0

(3) 2.0

(4) 1.0

Q.14. As per Edward Ullman’s mode of transport system, which one of the following describes complementarity? (UGC NET JUNE 2019)

(1) Demand and supply of a product between regions

(2) Cost of movement of a product between regions

(3) Availability of a product in a region

(4) Non-availability of a product in a region

Q.15. Which one of the following connectivity matrices is correct to show the given network of six nodes? (NTA UGC NET JUNE 2020)

Q.16. Which of the following statements are incorrect about the origin and growth of international tourism industry? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Thomas Cook arranged the first package tours in 1841. taking travellers from Leicester to Loughborough in U.K.

(B) The growing appreciation for variety in the cultural landscape in large European cities such as Paris, Rome and London among tourist and other citizen played a role in expansion of tourism

(C) The end of world war II provided the greatest impetus to tourism

(D) Jet plane failed to herald the new era in International tourism

(E) Boeing 747 in 1970 did not attract much international tourism

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (C) only

(2) (C), (D) only

(3) (D), (E) only

(4) (B), (D) only

Q.17. Which of the following statements about international trade in post-globalisation phase are correct? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) The share of international trade has doubled now in comparison to that of 1950

(B) Protectionist tendency in trade stands highly discouraged now

(C) The share of developing countries has increased substantially

(D) The share of manufactured goods has grown sharply

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B, (D) only

(2) (B), (C), (D) only

(3) (A), (C), (D) only

(4) (A), (B), (C) only

Q.18. Match List I with List II (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

List I (Transport Network Measures Density)

(A) Network

(B) Pi Index

(C) Eta Index

(D) Theta Index

List II (Definition)

(II) Transport network in terms of km of links (L) per square kilometer of surface (S)

(III) The relationship between total length of the graph (G) and the distance a log its diameter D (d)

(IV) Average amount of traffic per intersection

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(A)       (B)       (C)       (D)

(1)        I           II         III        IV

(2)        II         I           IV        III

(3)        III        I           IV        II

(4)        II         III        I           IV

Q.19. The volume, nature and direction of global trade is influenced by (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(C) Historical factors and investment

(D) Changes in global market

(E) Geographical distance

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (B) only

(2) (B), (C) and (E) only

(3) (B), (C) and (D) only

(4) (A), B) and (C) only

Explanation:

Q.20. A Free Trade Zone, in international trade, happens to be there, where (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(1) All the participating member countries impose a common tariff on imports from non-member countries

(2) All the participating countries allow free movement of labour and capital

(3) Member countries abolish tariff and quotas on trade but maintain independence to impose restrictions on imports from non-member countries

(4) Member countries adopt common economic policies on issues such as agriculture, transport, industry and regional policy

Q.21. Which group of countries is known as the emerging markets? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Taiwan – Japan

(B) India – Brazil

(C) Russia – China

(D) Russia – Chile

(E) U.S.A –  China

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A) and (E) only

(2) (B) and (C) only

(3) (C) and (D) only

(4) (D) and (E) only

Q.22. Which of the following statements are incorrect about the growth of tourism industry in the world? (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Steady growth in real incomes of the people in the world has contributed to growth of tourism

(B) Increased desire of the people to experience different cultures and landscapes has contributed to tourism growth over time

(C) Many countries have heavily invested in development of tourism infrastructure to encourage tourism

(D) There are little range of destinations open for the middle-income group travellers

(E) People from developing countries now dominate the global tourism

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (A), (B) only

(2) (B), (C) only

(3) (D), (E) only

(4) (C), (D), (E) only

Q.23. Which one of the following explains rapid growth of information and technology industry in South India as compared to North India (NTA UGC NET DEC 2020 JUNE 2021)

(A) Good Governance

(B) Good infrastructure and network accessibility

(C) Large number of higher technical institutes

(D) Lower Labour cost

(E) High proportion of manufacturing workers

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

(1) (B), (C) and (E) only

(2) (B), (C) and (D) only

(3) (A), (B) and (C) only

(4) (A), (B) and (D) only