Al-Idrisi Contribution to Geography
 Al-Idrisi (Abu-Abd-Allah-Mohammad) (1100 – 1165 AD)
Al-Idrisi was one of the leading geographer of the twelfth century. He belonged to the family of Khalifa Al-Idris-the ruler of Cardova (Spain). He was born at Ceuta. He visited Lisbon, Spain, France, England, Sicily, Morocco, and Asia Minor.
At the invitation of Roger II (ruler of Sicily), he reached Palermo where he lived for a lot time.
Al Idrisi was contradicted and corrected many Greek ideas, including those put forth by Ptolemy. In 1154 AD, he wrote the book titled Amusements for Him Who Desires to Travel Around the World. In this book he corrected the Greek idea about the Indian Ocean being a closed sea.
The most important contribution of Al-Idrisi to Geography was his world map. On the map, he plotted the various geographical features based on the Islamic and Christian sources. The map contains numerous details of the world including the defined courses of Danube and Niger. The world map is oriented with the south on top-a common feature of Islamic map.
He did not agree with Greek’s classification of the world into five climatic divisions and provided a more sophisticated classification based on climate.
Key Points on Al-Idrisi:
[i] In 1154 AD, he wrote the book titled Amusements for Him Who Desires to Travel Around the World.
[ii] Al Idrisi who made corrections to Ptolemy’s book.
N.B- Notes will be updated time to time
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